Oklopni kruzer prve klase vojvode od Edinburga

Oklopni kruzer prve klase vojvode od Edinburga


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Oklopni kruzer prve klase vojvode od Edinburga

Kruzeri prve klase vojvode od Edinburga bili su prvi brodovi tog tipa koje je projektirao Phillip Watts, dizajner HMS -a Dreadnaught. Kao i taj brod, klasa vojvode od Edinburga pokazala je značajan porast vatrene moći u odnosu na ranije krstare. Raniji kruzeri bili su naoružani s najviše dva pištolja od 9,2 inča.

Ti su brodovi dobili šest topova od 9,2 inča, svaki montiran u zasebnoj kupoli. Dvije od ovih kupola postavljene su na prednju i stražnju stranu središnje linije, dok su preostale četiri postavljene na položaje krila, na svakom kraju srednje trećine broda. Tri su se mogla ispaliti u ciljeve sprijeda ili straga, a četiri u boku.

Oklopni kazamati koji su već neko vrijeme bili značajka britanskih kruzera napušteni su na tim brodovima, a deset topova od 6 inča je nošeno u središnjoj oklopnoj bateriji, po pet sa svake strane, u središtu broda. Nažalost, ti brodovi nisu imali visoku stranu, pa su unatoč tome što su bili samo ispod razine glavne palube, ti topovi bili preblizu vodi i bili su vrlo teški za uporabu po bilo kakvom, čak i grubom vremenu. U ožujku 1916. uklonjeni su i zamijenjeni s tri oklopljena topa od 6 inča sa svake strane broda, smještena na glavnoj palubi između glavnih topova.

Ti su brodovi nosili i veliki broj topova 3pdr, dizajniranih za upotrebu protiv torpeda i manjih brodova. Oni su također korišteni na prethodnim brodovima klase Devonshire, a zadržani su i na nadolazećim brodovima klase Warrior, ali nisu postigli poseban uspjeh.

Oba HMS -a Crni princ i HMS Vojvoda od Edinburga započeo je Prvi svjetski rat u Crvenom moru, prije nego što se pridružio Velikoj floti (prosinac 1914.). The Crni princ potopljen je svim rukama u bitci za Jutland (31. svibnja 1916.). The Vojvoda od Edinburga bio prisutan i na Jutlandu. 1917. obavljala je dužnost pratnje konvoja, a 1918. poslana je na postaju Sjeverna Amerika i Zapadna Indija.

Pomak (opterećen)

13,550t

Najveća brzina

23kts

Oklop - paluba

1,5 inča preko upravljača
1 na glavnoj palubi
1in preko baterije
0,75 inča na donjoj palubi

- remen

6 u sred brodova
4 u naprijed

- pregrade

2in

- 6 -inčna baterija

6 in

- barbettes

6 in

- kupole

7,5 sprijeda
5,5 inčne strane
4,5 inča unatrag

- cijevi od streljiva

3in

- zvonik

10 inča

Duljina

505 stopa 6 inča

Naoružanje

Šest pištolja 9,2 inča
Deset pištolja za brzo pucanje od 6 inča
Dvadeset dva pištolja brze paljbe 3pdr
Tri 18 -inčna potopljena torpeda.

Komplement posade

790

Pokrenut

1904

Dovršeno

1906

Brodovi u razredu

HMS Crni princ
HMS Vojvoda od Edinburga

Knjige o Prvom svjetskom ratu | Predmetni indeks: Prvi svjetski rat


KRALJEVSKA MORNICA - Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo

Povijest projekta: Dostavljeni u okviru programa 1902/03, ti su brodovi bili prvi brodovi RN projektirani pod vodstvom Phillipa Wattsa i pokazali su značajnu promjenu stila u odnosu na ranije tipove. Osim toga, pokušaji ograničavanja veličine krstaša prve klase konačno su napušteni, a pomak povećan kako bi se omogućilo poboljšanje naoružanja, zaštite i snage strojeva. Pištolj 234 mm ponovno je usvojen i ugrađen u pojedinačne kupole postavljene slično onima u Devonshire klase, osim što su položaji krila osigurani uz jarbol, kao i prednji jarbol. Kao i u Kralj Edward VII bojni brodovi klase, kazetatska zaštita ranijih brodova od 152 mm napuštena je u korist središnje oklopne baterije na glavnoj palubi s priključcima za pet topova sa svake strane, zadnje luke su bile ucrtane, kako bi se omogućila vatra prema krmi, ali ne i prema naprijed, vjerojatno kako bi se izbjegla problemi sa raspršivanjem. Nažalost, topovi od 152 mm bili su toliko blizu vodene linije da su bili neizvodljivi u bilo čemu osim u vrlo mirnom vremenu. Smanjenje građevina koje pucaju granatama doseglo je svoju posljednju fazu na ovim brodovima koji su imali jasne gornje palube bez tradicionalnih visokih bedema, no to je, u kombinaciji s niskim nadvojem, rezultiralo njihovom vlažnom usred broda, iako im je visoka proga omogućila održavanje visoke brzina na morskom putu.
Topovi od 47 mm bili su praktički beskorisni kao protu torpedno oružje i njihovo usvajanje u ovoj i sljedećoj klasi je neobjašnjivo. Osam je montirano na prednju i poslije nadgrađa i po jedna na svaku kupolu od 234 mm. Unatoč očitim poboljšanjima u odnosu na ranije klase, neučinkovita sekundarna baterija značajno je smanjila vrijednost ovih brodova i nisu uživali veliki ugled.

Zaštita broda: Imali su pojas vodene linije cijele duljine koji je bio debeo 152 mm na 79,3 m usred brodova koji se smanjio na 102 mm naprijed i 76 mm na krmu. Središnja baterija imala je stranice i pregrade od 152 mm te je učinkovito povećala visinu bočnih oklopa usred brodova do razine gornje palube. Vratašca strojarnice između donje i glavne palube zaštićena je oplatom od 51 mm, a ekrani od 51 mm postavljeni su između topova od 152 mm u bateriji. Krila krila smanjena su na 76 mm iza oklopa baterije, a kupole su imale 190 mm lica, 140 mm stranice i 114 mm leđa. Zaštita palube bila je vrlo slaba s donjom palubom od 19 mm koja se povećala na 38 mm preko upravljača, 25 mm na glavnoj palubi koja se smanjila na 19 mm ispod središnje baterije, a gornja paluba od 25 mm iznad baterije.

Modernizacije: 3.1916., oboje: - 10 x 1 - 152/50 + 6 x 1 - 152/50 BL Mk XI (u štitovima između glavne palube kupole 234 mm).

5/1917, Vojvoda od Edinburga: - 14 x 1 - 47/50 + 2 x 1 - 152/50 BL Mk XI (u ulošcima na palubi sa letvicama), 1 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk I, prednji jarbol je postao tronožac.

Pomorska služba: Crni princ potopljen je iz vatrenog oružja s njemačkih bojnih brodova tijekom noćne akcije u Jutlandu 31.5.1916, sve ruke izgubljene.

Veliko hvala Wolfgangu St & oumlhr na dodatnim informacijama na ovoj stranici.


Godine 1907. ti su brodovi, zajedno s ranijim Snažan, Drake, Cressy, i Monmouth klase i bojni brodovi Veličanstven, Canopus, London, i Duncan klase, trebali su iskrcati svoje reflektore s vrhova i nabaviti dva dodatna 24-inčna modela sa svojih vezova za postavljanje na sklonište ili palubu broda. Trebalo ih je povećati (ili dodatno nadograditi na?) Parom reflektora od 36 inča kada postanu dostupni. [2]

Početkom 1913. tim i mnogim drugim kapitalnim brodovima izdani su novi teleskopi za treniranje G. 329 snage 2,5 i polja od 20 stupnjeva koji su zamijenili GS teleskope promjenjive snage 5/12, 5/15 i 5/21 koji su ranije bili u uporabi. [3]

Tijekom rata, zajedno s onima na drugim starijim brodovima, četiri pištolja od 6 inča postavljena na glavnoj palubi pokazala su se malo korisna u praktičnim morskim stanjima, što je problem također prepoznat u fazi projektiranja kada je predložena glavna paluba od 6 inča bila glavna paluba. topovi naprijed su potisnuti i zamijenjeni dodatnim kupolama od 7,5 inča. Kazemati glavne palube bili su stoga ispražnjeni i prekriveni brodom, pri čemu su brodovi bili uzeti u ruke kad su dolazili na remont, počevši u rujnu 1915. Očekivalo se da će radovi trajati 18 dana po brodu, iako se nadalo da bi se to moglo smanjiti na 10 dana (G.37973/15). [4] [5] Oružje je postavljeno u štitnike za raspršivanje, jednu palubu više na gornjoj palubi od kupola od 7,5 inča, a fotografski dokazi pokazuju da su zamijenili brojeve tri i šest topova gornje palube s 3 pdr koji su prethodno zauzimali ove položaje. [6]

Glavna baterija

Ovi brodovi nosili su naoružanje mješovite glavne baterije:

  • Četiri 7.5-in Mark I B.L. topovi na nosačima Mark I sa 180 metaka po pištolju, u pojedinačnim kupolama, naprijed, natrag i sa svake strane prema naprijed na gredi. [7] Nadmorska visina 15 stupnjeva, ulegnuće 5 stupnjeva, s stupnjevanjem brojača raspona ograničeno na 14 stupnjeva 50 sekundi za raspon od 13 800 metara. [8]
  • Šest 6-in Mark VII B.L. pištolja, na nosačima P. III s 200 metaka po pištolju, prvotno raspoređenih u kazamatima, po tri sa svake strane, s jednim krmenim dijelom na razini gornje palube i dva na razini glavne palube. Navedeni su naboji od 29 lb za ​​povećanje brzine puške u odnosu na standardno punjenje. Svaki par topova dobio je i 3-pdr podkalibarski pištolj za vježbu gađanja. [9] Nadmorska visina 15 stupnjeva, ulegnuće 7 stupnjeva, s stupnjevanjem brojača raspona ograničeno na 14 stupnjeva za raspon od 11.900 metara. [10]

6-in znamenitosti bile su slične onima u Albemarle i Cornwall, ali čvršći. Konstantna brzina dometa bila je 51,41 s jednim čvorom otklona od 2,77 lučnih minuta. Birali su rasponi za 2730 fps, 1970 fps, 3-pdr podkalibra, 1-in nišan i .303-in nišan. MV korekcija podesivim pokazivačem za +/- 50 fps. Brojčanik za otklon stupnjevan je za 2730 fps na 3000 metara. Korekcija zanošenja nagibom nagiba za 1,5 stupnjeva. Nišani su bili 14,45 inča iznad provrta i 13,1 inča sa strane. [11]

U veljači 1913. ovim je 6-innim nosačima, zajedno s mnogim drugim 4-in i 6-in nosačima na raznim kapitalnim brodovima i krstaricama, trebalo dodati osvjetljenje za svoje indeksne trkače. [12]

Sekundarna baterija

  • Dvadeset 3-pdr Vickers Mark I Q.F. poluautomatski topovi, na nosačima Mark II sa 250 metaka po pištolju, dva pištolja na vrhu kupola od 7,5 inča, sedam prema dolje sa svake strane gornje palube i četiri montirana na palubi zaklona na krmi. [13] Nadmorska visina 20 stupnjeva, ulegnuće 20 stupnjeva, s stupnjevanjem brojača raspona ograničeno na 11 stupnjeva 45 sekundi za raspon od 6000 metara. Putovanje vidom također je bilo ograničeno na 12,5 stupnjeva. Ovim je oružjima također dostavljene bjanko naknade za pozdrav. [14]

Ostalo oružje

Do 1914. manje naoružanje bilo je:

  • Jedan 12-pdr 8 cwt Q.F. Pištolj na G.I Montaži za uporabu pri lansiranju na jedrenje, s alternativnim terenskim prijevozom za desante, [15] dodijeljeno je 300 metaka. [16]
  • Pet pušaka Maxim za upotrebu u čamcima, s dva alternativna stalka za slijetanje. [17] [18]

Torpeda

  • Dvije 18-inčne potopljene široke cijevi prema naprijed, ulegnute za tri stupnja i s osi cijevi koje su nosile amernu gredu bile su 7 stopa 6 inča ispod vodene linije opterećenja i 1 stopa 6 inča iznad palube. [19] Do 1914. godine nošeno je devet torpeda. Dodatno su prenesena četiri torpeda od 14 inča. Oni su služili za ispuštanje opreme s brodova. [20]

Sadržaj

Četiri oklopna kruzera Pomorskog programa 1903-1904 prvobitno su trebala biti ponavljanja prethodnog Vojvoda od Edinburga klase, ali pritužbe flote da je niska postavljenost sekundarnog naoružanja ranijih brodova ovog tipa značila da se s oružjem ne može boriti ni u čemu drugom osim u mrtvom mirnom moru dovele su do toga da je Upravno vijeće ovo pitanje razmotrilo kasnije 1903. i početkom 1904. Na temelju Vojvoda od Edinburgas, RatnikOčekivalo se da će s biti lakši, što je omogućilo korištenje težine za promjenu sekundarnog naoružanja. Službenici flote predložili su promjenu naoružanja na četiri topa veličine 7,5 inča (191 mm) u kupolama s jednim topom podignutim na gornju palubu. Budući da su brodovi tek započeli gradnju, promjena bi koštala ukupno 250.000 funti za sva četiri broda, a Admiralitet je promjenu odobrio 30. ožujka 1904. [1]

The Ratnik-brodovi klase projektirani su tako da istisnu 13550 dugih tona (13 770 tona), ali su se pokazali lakšima u izgradnji, čak i nakon promjene naoružanja, istiskujući 13 200 do 13 350 dugih tona (13 410 -13 560 t) pri normalnom opterećenju i 14 500 dugih tona (14.700 t) (potpuno napunjeno). [2] Brodovi su imali ukupnu duljinu od 154,1 m (505 stopa 6 inča) i duljinu između okomica od 146,3 m (480 ft). Imali su gredu od 22,4 m (73 stope 6 inča) i duboki gaz od 8,11 m naprijed i 8,4 m (27 stopa) krme. [3]

Brodovi su imali 770 časnika i vojnika. [3] Bile su to mnogo stabilnije platforme za oružje od svojih prethodnika s metacentričnom visinom od 2,85 stopa (0,8 m) [4] Toliko Ahil i Natalni bili su najbolje streljački brodovi u floti 1907. odnosno 1909. godine. Vrlo dobri morski brodovi, prema pomorskom povjesničaru Oscaru Parkesu, "stekli su reputaciju najboljih krstarica koje smo (Britanci) ikada izgradili". [5]

Kruzeri su pokretali dva 4-cilindrična parna stroja s tri ekspanzije, od kojih je svaki pokretao jedno vratilo, što je proizvodilo ukupno 23 500 naznačenih konjskih snaga (17 520 kW) i davalo je maksimalnu brzinu od 23 čvora (43 km/h 26 milja na sat). Motori su se napajali parom iz 19 kotlova sa stolisnikom i šest cilindričnih kotlova s ​​radnim tlakom od 225 psi (1.551 kPa 16 kgf/cm 2). [6] Brodovi su prevezli najviše 2.050 dugih tona (2.080 tona) ugljena [7] i dodatnih 600 dugih tona (610 tona) loživog ulja koje je prskano na ugljen kako bi se povećala njegova brzina sagorijevanja. Pri punom kapacitetu mogli su se pariti 7.960 nautičkih milja (14.740 km 9.160 milja) pri brzini od 10 čvorova (19 km/h 12 milja na sat). [8]

Uređivanje naoružanja

The RatnikS glavno naoružanje sastojalo se od šest topova BL 9,2 inča Mk X kalibra 45 kalibra u kupolama s jednim topom. Oružje je bilo raspoređeno u dvije središnje kupole, po jednu prednju i jednu stražnju od nadgrađa, te četiri krilaste kupole postavljene u uglovima oko lijevka. Osovinske kupole mogle su prelaziti ukupno 285 °, dok su krilne kupole bile ograničene na 120 ° na širokoj strani zbog eksplozije njuške. [9] Pištolj je imao raspon visine od -5 ° do +15 °. Granata od 9,2 inča (234 mm) težila je 172,4 kg i pucala je najvećom brzinom cijevi od 2 778 ft/s (847 m/s). To mu je dalo domet od 14.500 metara na maksimalnoj nadmorskoj visini. Brzina paljbe iz pištolja bila je oko tri metka u minuti [10], a brodovi su nosili 100 metaka za svaku pušku. [3]

Njihovo sekundarno naoružanje od četiri topa BL Mk II od 50 kalibra 7,5 inča postavljeno je u četiri kupole usred brodova. Oružje je moglo proći samo oko 110 ° sa široke strane. [9] Imali su raspon nadmorske visine od -7,5 ° do +15 ° što im je dalo raspon od 14 028 metara (13 019 m) na nadmorskoj visini sa svojom školjkom od 90 kilograma (90,7 kg). Oružje je imalo brzinu paljbe od oko četiri metka u minuti [11], a svaki je pištolj dobio 100 metaka. [3]

Za obranu od torpednih čamaca opremljeno je 24 pištolja s tri metka Vickers s brzim gađanjem (QF), šest na krovovima kupola i osamnaest u nadgrađu, svi na osovinskim nosačima. Ove su puške bile premale da bi bile korisne protiv torpednih čamaca prije nego što su došle u domet torpeda. [12] Ispalili su granatu od 47 milimetara (1,9 inča) koja je težila 1,5 kilograma i ispaljena je maksimalnom brzinom njuške od 2589 ft/s (789 m/s). To mu je dalo domet od 7.550 metara (6.900 metara) na nadmorskoj visini od +20 °. [13] Za svaki pištolj prenijeto je 250 metaka. [3]

Brodovi su također montirali tri potopljene torpedne cijevi od 18 inča. [7] [Napomena 1] Nosili su ukupno osamnaest torpeda uz šest torpeda od 14 inča (356 mm) koja su mogla koristiti dva parna ostrva od 45 stopa (13,7 m). [15]

Armor Edit

The RatnikBrodovi klase su imali 6-inčni (152 mm) oklopni pojas vodene linije iz Krupp-ovog cementiranog oklopa koji je pokrivao 260 stopa (79,2 m) trupa usred brodova. [7] Pokrivao je bočnu stranu broda do gornje palube, visinu od 4,42 m (14 stopa 6 inča) iznad vodene linije i dosezao 1,47 m (1,47 m) ispod nje. Između središnje citadele i pramca, oklop pojasa bio je debeo 102 mm i protezao se do krme debljine 3 inča (76 mm). Poprečne pregrade debljine šest centimetara štitile su citadelu od vatre. [16]

Lica glavnih kupola oružja bila su debela 7,5 inča sa stranicama od 140 mm i krovom od 2 inča (51 mm). [17] Sekundarne kupole topova bile su novijeg dizajna i imale su oklope debljine 6–8 inča (152–203 mm) i istu debljinu krova kao i ostale kupole. [11] Barbette su bile zaštićene oklopom od šest inča kao i dizalice za streljivo, iako je oklop za one koji su se prorijedili na tri inča između pojasa oklopa. Debljina donje palube bila je samo 0,75 inča (19 mm), osim zakrpe od 1,5 mm (38 mm) oklopa preko upravljača i još 2 inča (51 mm) debljine iznad cilindara motora. [7] Bočne stranice kule bile su debele 10 inča (254 mm). [2]

Izmjene Uredi

Samo izmjene za Cochrane su detaljno poznate, ali je vjerojatno da su njezine sestre u jednom trenutku dobile iste izmjene. Pokazalo se da su lijevci prekratki u upotrebi i podignuti su oko 1912. kako bi se nadgrađe sačuvalo od dima pri sljedećem vjetru. Pojedinačna protuzračna puška Hotchkiss QF sa šest metaka na visokokutnoj montaži postavljena je na četvornu palubu 1915. godine. [18] Imala je maksimalno ulegnuće od 8 ° i maksimalnu nadmorsku visinu od 60 °. Pištolj je ispalio granatu od 2,7 kg (6 funti) brzinom cijevi od 538 m/s pri brzini vatre od 20 metaka u minuti. Imali su maksimalni strop od 3.000 metara, ali učinkovit domet od samo 1.200 metara (1.100 metara). [19] Zamijenjen je topovima QF 3 inča 20 cwt [Napomena 2] na visokokutnom nosaču 1916. [18] Ovaj pištolj imao je maksimalno ulegnuće od 10 ° i maksimalnu nadmorsku visinu od 90 °. Ispalio je granatu od 12,5 kilograma (5,7 kg) brzinom brnjice od 2500 ft/s (760 m/s) brzinom od 12-14 metaka u minuti. Imao je maksimalni efektivni strop od 23.200 ft (7.200 m). [20] Par Vickers QF tri kilograma na visokokutnim nosačima vjerojatno je instaliran usred brodova tijekom 1915-16. [18] Mogli su se povisiti na +80 ° i smanjiti na -5 °. Ovaj pištolj imao je brzinu paljbe od 25 metaka u minuti i maksimalni strop od 4.600 metara, ali učinkovit domet od samo 2.000 metara (1.800 metara). [21]

Oružje na vrhu Cochrane '9,2-inčne kupole u središnjoj liniji uklonjene su 1915-16. Posljednji pištolji s 3 palice na nadgrađu uklonjeni su tijekom 1917. godine, kao i topovi na vrhu prednjih 9,2-inčnih krilastih kupola. Time je njezin ukupni broj smanjen na dvadeset pištolja s 3 metaka, isključujući pištolje AA. Cochrane Prednji jarbol pretvoren je u jarbol za tronožac kako bi izdržao težinu direktora za upravljanje vatrom 1917. godine, no direktor je zapravo postavljen tek u kolovozu 1918. [18]

Podaci o izgradnji
Brod Graditelj Položen [22] Pokrenuto [22] Dovršeno [22] Trošak
(uključujući naoružanje) [2]
Ratnik HM Brodogradilište, Pembroke 5. studenog 1903 25. studenog 1905 12. prosinca 1906 £1,186,395
Cochrane Fairfield Shipping and Engineering, Govan 24. ožujka 1904 20. svibnja 1905 18. veljače 1907 £1,193,121
Ahil Armstrong Whitworth, Elswick 22. veljače 1904 17. lipnja 1905 22. travnja 1907 £1,191,103
Natalni Vickers, Barrow-in-Furness 6. siječnja 1904 30. rujna 1905 5. ožujka 1907 £1,218,244

Nakon završetka, četiri su sestre raspoređene u eskadrile krstarica Channel i Home Flots. Natalni i Cochrane pratio kraljevsku jahtu 1911–12 na putovanje novo okrunjenog kralja Georgea V. u Indiju na Delhi Durbar [23] i Natalni odnio tijelo američkog veleposlanika u Velikoj Britaniji, Whitelaw Reid, natrag u New York u prosincu 1912. [24] Ratnik premješten je u 1. eskadrilu krstarica Sredozemne flote 1913. [25]

Početkom Prvog svjetskog rata, Natalni, Ahil i Cochrane dodijeljeni su 2. eskadrili kruzera Velike flote i Ratnik bio na Mediteranu. Potonji je brod sudjelovao u potrazi za Goeben i Breslau, ali zapovjednik eskadrile, kontraadmiral Ernest Troubridge, odbio je angažirati njemačke brodove. Ratnik ostala je na Sredozemlju sve dok joj u prosincu 1914. nije dodijeljena Velika flota [23] i ponovno se pridružila 1. eskadrili krstaša. Ostala tri broda ostala su s 2. eskadrilom krstaša većinu svoje karijere i nisu sudjelovala ni u jednoj od ranih pomorskih bitaka u ratu. [25] Natalni potopila je eksplozija časopisa u blizini Cromartyja 30. prosinca 1915., a poginulo je, prema procjenama, 390-421 osoba na brodu. Većina njezinih olupina polako je spašavana tijekom desetljeća sve dok ostaci nisu srušeni 1970 -ih pa više nisu predstavljali opasnost za plovidbu. [26]

Ahil preuređivala u svibnju 1916. i nije sudjelovala u bitci za Jutland iako su to učinile obje njezine preživjele sestre. [23] Ratnik bio je jako oštećen od strane njemačkih kapitalnih brodova tijekom bitke, [27] izgubivši 71 člana posade poginulih i 36 ranjenih. Uzela je puno vode i slijedećeg jutra nakon evakuacije posade pala je u vodu. [28] Druga eskadrila krstaša nije bila angažirana tijekom bitke i nije ispalila hitac. [29] Ahil je nakon bitke dobio blokadu u Sjevernom moru i potopio njemačkog napadača Leopard početkom 1917. [30] Oba preživjela broda nakratko su krajem 1917. nakratko prebačena na stanicu Sjeverna Amerika i Zapadna Indija radi pratnje konvoja prije povratka kući početkom 1918. [18] [31] Ahil započeo dugotrajno preuređivanje u veljači 1918. [25] dok je Cochrane sa sjedištem u Murmansku sredinom 1918. za vrijeme savezničke intervencije u Ruskom građanskom ratu. Nasukala se u Merseyu 14. studenog 1918. i slomila na dva dijela. Olupina je razbijena na mjestu do lipnja 1919. [18] Ahil, posljednja preživjela sestra, postala je brod za obuku krajem 1918. i prodana je na otpad u svibnju 1921. [32]


Loša povijest britanske krstarice s nevjerojatnim putnikom u vremenu (i svemiru) Josephom Conradom

Ta popularna igra nautičkih besmislica, World of Warships, nedavno je najavila dodavanje nekoliko brodova Kraljevske mornarice u igru ​​u nadolazećoj zakrpi. Kao veliki obožavatelj RN -a, naravno da sam morao potražiti detalje o tome i pronašao ovaj video od Youtube 's The Mighty Jingles. Iako je dobar pregled brodova koji će se dodati igri, pun je loše povijesti.

Naša prva loša povijest dolazi u 5:00 minuta, kada razgovaramo o HMS Danae. (Slijedi prijepis iz videa)

Ono što vam mogu reći o Danae je da je 1944. godine premještena u Poljsku mornaricu kao ORP Conrad, i naručena na svečanosti u brodogradilištu u Gdanjsku. Njezin kapetan nosio je ime Joseph Konrad Korzeniowski, iako je nakon Drugog svjetskog rata bio češće poznat pod svojim imenom Joseph Conrad.

Ovo sadrži dvije glavne netočnosti. Dok Danae prebačen u Poljsku mornaricu 1944., to se nije dogodilo u Gdanjsku. Gdansk je još uvijek bio pod kontrolom Nijemaca u listopadu 1944., kada se to dogodilo. Osim toga, ona ne bi bila predana Poljacima u Gdanjsku čak i da je bila pod kontrolom savezničke sile iz dva glavna razloga. Prvo, Nijemci su još uvijek kontrolirali jedine pravce prema Baltičkom moru iz Sjevernog mora, jer bi držali Dansku i Norvešku sve do Dana VE. To je iznimno otežalo rad RN -a unutar Baltika - jedini brodovi koji su to učinili bili su trkači u blokadi pretvoreni iz brzih motornih topovnjača. Krstarica ne bi imala šanse. Drugo, jedina saveznička sila koja je mogla zauzeti Gdanjsk bio bi Sovjetski Savez. Oni ne bi blagonaklono gledali na prijenos broda RN u poljsku vladu u egzilu pod sponzorstvom Londona koja se dogodila u brodogradilištu pod njihovom kontrolom. Sovjeti su imali svoju marionetsku poljsku vladu, Poljski odbor za nacionalno oslobođenje, koji su smatrali jedinom legalnom poljskom vladom. Ne bi htjeli na takav način legitimirati poljsku vladu u Londonu. Danae je zapravo prebačen u Poljsku mornaricu u britanskoj luci Portsmouth.

Druga velika netočnost je da Joseph Conrad nije imao apsolutno nikakve veze s HMS Danae. S vremenom Danae uzeo njegovo ime, bio je mrtav 20 godina. Nikada nije služio ni u Kraljevskoj mornarici ni u Poljskoj mornarici, cijelu svoju karijeru proveo je na moru u trgovačkoj marini. Povukao se iz ove karijere 1894. godine, 22 godine prije nego je HMS Danae uopće postavljen.

Drugi dio na koji ulažem prigovor dolazi kada raspravlja o HMS Edinburghu, oko 11:45 minuta.

Većina njezinih dužnosti uključivala je pratnju konvoja do i iz SSSR-a opasnom rutom sjevernoatlantskog konvoja, a prilikom povratka iz jednog od tih konvoja pogođeno je i potopilo torpedo koji je ispalio njemački podmornik.

To uvelike pojednostavljuje gubitak Edinburgh. Prvo, to znači da je plovila sama kad je pogođena. Zapravo, pratila je QP11, konvoj koji je putovao povratnom rutom iz Murmanska u Veliku Britaniju. Drugo, podmornica U-456 pogodila ju je s dva torpeda, a ne s jednim. Obojica su udarila s desne strane, pri čemu je jedan izazvao veliku poplavu, a drugi mu je učinkovito otpuhao krmu. No, unatoč velikoj šteti koja joj je nanesena, ostat će na površini još dva dana, od 30. travnja 1942. do 2. svibnja 1942. Tijekom tog razdoblja, nekoliko britanskih razarača i minolovaca pokušalo ju je odvući natrag u Murmansk na popravak. Međutim, 2. operacija bi bila prekinuta dolaskom tri njemačka razarača. Njezina ih je pratnja angažirala, kao i njih Edinburgh, iako je još uvijek bila učinkovito osakaćena. Uspjela je potonuti jednu, Hermann Schoemann, ali ga je pogodilo drugo torpedo, gotovo točno nasuprot njezinom prvom udarcu torpedom. To je spriječilo sve pokušaje njezina spašavanja, s velikim poplavama prema naprijed, nestankom struje na prednjem dijelu broda i njezinim kotlovnicama koje su počele plaviti. Posada joj je skinuta, a nju su pogodila torpeda iz HMS Foresight.

Naša treća netočnost dolazi oko 15:30 minuta. Ovdje on raspravlja o Tieru X, koji je HMS Minotaur. On točno identificira da je brod Wargaming (programeri WoWS -a i#x27s) objavio snimke zaslona nije jednog od tako imenovanih brodova koji su zapravo dovršeni, niti je ona HMS Newcastle (za koji tvrdi da je nazvan Minotaur prije promjene imena - iako je zapravo ova čast pripala HMS -u Southampton). Zatim pogrešno zaključuje da je & quotWargaming ovo izmislio & quot. To je netočno. The Minotaur Wargaming u razvoju je poslijeratni dizajn, planiran kao zamjena za otkazane Neptun razred iz 1946. Bio je jako inspiriran Amerikancem Worcester klase krstaša, koja je imala teško naoružanje od 6 inča topova dvostruke namjene. Dizajn je trebao koristiti trup sličan prethodno projektiranom Neptuns, postavljajući pet dvostrukih kupola od 6 inča umjesto četiri trojke na Neptun razred. Dvostruki nosači koji su se koristili bili su nosači Marka XXVI kasnije korišteni na Tigar-klase za krstarenje. Potpuno automatski i teoretski sposobni za brzinu paljbe od 20 metaka/minutu, bili su izvrsni dvonamjenski nosač, iako donekle pogođeni tehničkim problemima. Njihovo sekundarno naoružanje trebalo je biti osam blizanaca 3 inča/70cal Mark VI nosača, opet kako se kasnije koristilo na Tigar klase (Pištolj je bio zajednički američko -britanski razvoj, iako su obje nacije koristile vlastite dizajne za montaže). Planirano pomicanje Minotaur klase bila je 15.280 tona, a planirana je bila brzina od 31,5 čvorova. Iako su bili vrlo sposobni brodovi, bili su i skupi. Slabo poslijeratno britansko gospodarstvo nije si moglo priuštiti takvu ekstravagantnu potrošnju, a otkazano je do 1949. (iako je kao što je gore navedeno, rad na njihovom naoružanju ponovno upotrijebljen na Tigars). Njihovo otkazivanje doista je označilo kraj izgradnje britanskih krstarica s puškomitraljezima Tigarbile su jednostavna modernizacija i završetak brodova koji su ostali nedovršeni krajem Drugoga svjetskog rata, i dok su projekti tek dolazili u budućnosti, više neće biti toliko izrađeno. Konačna smrt britanske oružane krstarice uslijedila je 1959. godine, kada su postavljeni prvi raketni razarači razarača klase County.

Četvrto što osjećam je loša povijest koja dolazi otprilike 17 i pol minuta, kada se raspravlja o britanskim teškim kruzerima. Iako je Jingles u pravu da je RN izgradio samo tri klase teških krstarica, to ne znači da Wargaming nije mogao sastaviti dovoljno teških kruzera za izgradnju zasebne linije. Prvo, županijska klasa sastojala se od tri zasebne podrazrede. Iako su razlike bile prilično male, moguće je da bi Wargaming mogao raditi s njima - HMS London je dobio veliku popravku, čime se potpuno razlikovao od sestrinskih brodova, na primjer. Drugo, time se zanemaruju starije britanske krstarice - stare oklopne krstarice 1890 -ih i 1900 -ih. Ovi su brodovi već bili uključeni u igru, s brodovima poput St Louis, suvremenik Britanaca Vojvoda od Edinburga i Ratnik klase. Konačno, zanemaruje nekoliko otkazanih dizajna. Dizajn Atlantic Cruisera iz 1913. godine predstavlja poveznicu koja nedostaje između starijeg koncepta odvojene lake i oklopne krstarice do poslije rata Hawkins klase, vjerojatno prvi teški kruzer. Bilo bi sjajno vidjeti jednog od njih u igri. Bilo je i nekoliko dizajna za teške krstarice proizvedene tijekom rata, s tim da su tri glavne izvedbe proizvedene 1939., 1940. i 1941., sve s devet topova od 8 inča u trostrukim kupolama (iako je istraženo i čudovište od 22.000 tona naoružano s 12 topova 9,2 inča) . RN je proizveo mnoštvo brodova i dizajna koji bi se mogli uklopiti u podružnicu teških krstarica u WoWS -u, pogotovo jer se Wargamingu nije pokazao nepoznat dizajn papira.

Posljednja stvar na koju se želim požaliti dolazi kroz cijeli video. Postoji stalna pretpostavka da su topovi od 8 inča/203 mm bolje naoružanje za krstare od topova od 6 inča/152 mm. Iako je to moglo biti točno u igri, u stvarnom životu to nije bilo istina. 8 -inčni pištolj imao je prednost u odnosu na 6 -inčni u dometu i probojnosti oklopa. Međutim, 6in je imao prednost u brzini paljbe i u težini bacanja. Dvostruka kupola od 8 inča mogla bi stati u istu količinu prostora kao trostruka kupola od 6 inča, pa bi brod s četiri kupole imao četiri dodatne cijevi ako bi bio naoružan topovima od 6 inča iznad 8 inča. Tipična brzina paljbe za britanski top od 8 inča bila je 3-4 metka/min, u usporedbi sa 6-8 za pištolj od 6 inča. Ratno iskustvo pokazalo je da prednosti dometa i proboja oklopa 8in nisu bile bitne u stvarnim situacijama. 6in bi mogao doseći granicu učinkovite kontrole paljbe - duži domet 8in nije dao malu prednost, jer se njegove granate nisu mogle točno postaviti na takav domet. U svakom slučaju, većina borbi vodila se dobro unutar dometa 8 inča, neutralizirajući njezinu prednost. Bilo je vrlo malo ciljeva koji su bili dovoljno dobro oklopljeni da pištolj od 6 inča nije mogao prodrijeti, ali pištolj od 8 inča je mogao. Međutim, prepoznajem da WoWS doista ne predstavlja dobro pomorsko ratovanje pa se ti čimbenici možda neće uzeti u obzir. S obzirom na to, moguće je da je Jingles točan u uskom kontekstu igre.

Nelson to Vanguard: Dizajn i razvoj ratnih brodova 1923-1945, David K. Brown, Seaforth, 2012

Obnova Kraljevske mornarice: Dizajn ratnog broda od 1945. godine, David K ​​Brown, George Moore, Seaforth 2012

Britanski krstaši: dva svjetska rata i poslije, Norman Friedman, Seaforth 2010


Kruzeri klase Devonshire (1903)

Kruzer klase Devonshire bila je skupina od šest oklopnih krstarica izgrađenih za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Svi brodovi klase
HMS Devonshire bio je vodeći brod svoje klase od šest oklopnih krstarica izgrađenih za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Bila je dodijeljena
bila je oklopna krstarica klase Devonshire izgrađena za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Bila je raspoređena u 1. eskadrilu krstarica
od šest oklopnih kruzera klase Devonshire izgrađenih za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Bila je raspoređena u 3. eskadrilu krstarica
Dvije klase krstarica Kraljevske mornarice poznate su kao klasa Devonshire Klasa Devonshire od šest brodova porinuta 1903. 1904. Potklasa od četiri
izraz krstaš prve klase koji se umjesto toga koristi i za oklopne kruzere i za velike zaštićene krstarice. Tako su krstarice prve klase izgrađene između
od šest oklopnih kruzera klase Devonshire izgrađenih za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Bila je raspoređena u 1. eskadrilu krstarica
Klasa Monmouth bila je deset brodska klasa oklopnih krstarica od 10 000 tona izgrađena oko 1901. do 1903. za Kraljevsku mornaricu i posebno dizajnirana za trgovinu
Kruzer klase Vojvoda od Edinburga bio je klasa dva oklopna kruzera izgrađena za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Oni su bili
od šest oklopnih kruzera klase Devonshire izgrađenih za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Bila je raspoređena u 1. eskadrilu krstaša
od šest oklopnih kruzera klase Devonshire izgrađenih za Kraljevsku mornaricu u prvom desetljeću 20. stoljeća. Bila je raspoređena u 1. eskadrilu krstarica
HMS Amethyst bila je treće klasa zaštićena krstarica klase Topaze Kraljevske mornarice. She was launched in 1903 served during World War I at the Dardanelles

County Antrim in Northern Ireland: HMS Antrim 1903 was a Devonshire - class armoured cruiser launched in 1903 She served in World War I and was broken up
HMS Hampshire 1903 was a Devonshire - class armoured cruiser launched in 1903 and sunk by a mine in 1916. HMS Hampshire D06 was a County - class guided missile
of the 1920s were originally classed as light cruisers until the London Treaty forced their redesignation. Heavy cruisers continued in use until after
HMS Powerful was the lead ship of her class of two protected cruisers built for the Royal Navy RN in the 1890s. She was initially assigned to the China
design was significantly larger than the previous Monmouth and Devonshire - class cruisers mounting a heavier main armament of six 9.2 in 234 mm guns
stern. Natal was ordered as part of the 1903 04 naval construction programme as the second of four armoured cruisers She was laid down on 6 January 1904
ISBN 0 - 7136 - 2670 - 4 Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art, vol. 19 Devonshire Press, 1887 p. 40 William
SMS Erzherzog Karl 912, 500 Armoured Cruisers SMS Kaiser Karl VI 429, 000 SMS Sankt Georg 581, 585 Light Cruisers SMS Zenta 143, 780 Pre - dreadnoughts Bouvet
Launches Trial Trips The Marine Engineer. 25: 109. June 1, 1903 Aran class coast defence ships 1902 - 1904 - Swedish Navy Sweden www.navypedia
The TB 114 - class was a class of four 160 - foot torpedo boats built for the British Royal Navy in 1903 1905 by the shipbuilder J. Samuel White. All four

First World War, Holbrook was serving as a gunnery officer aboard HMS Devonshire He was promoted commander on 31 December 1914, and then served successively
the cruiser HMS Devonshire and the Second Cruiser Squadron represented Great Britain s Royal Navy, battleships Tsesarevich and Slava with cruisers Admiral
Norwegian Government were evacuated from Tromso on 7 June aboard HMS Devonshire with a total of 461 passengers. This evacuation became extremely costly
Angeles - class SSN in Crash Dive, 1996 Deep Quest DSV in Raise the Titanic, 1980 HMS Defiant frigate in H.M.S. Defiant, 1962 HMS Devonshire British
Cancelled 1863. Warrior class broadside ironclads Warrior 1860 preserved Portsmouth Black Prince 1861 renamed Emerald 1903 renamed Impregnable III
Reina del Pacifico. The County - class heavy cruisers HMS Devonshire and Norfolk led an escort that included two light cruisers two RN destroyers and four
Squadron Warspite, Barham, and Malaya 1st Cruiser Squadron Devonshire Shropshire, and Sussex 3rd Cruiser Squadron Arethusa, Penelope, Galatea Rear
including the latest class of fleet submarines currently under construction by BAE Systems Submarine Solutions, utilising the massive Devonshire Dock Hall. Neki

  • The Devonshire - class cruiser was a group of six armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. All ships of the class
  • HMS Devonshire was the lead ship of her class of six armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. She was assigned
  • was a Devonshire - class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. She was assigned to the 1st Cruiser Squadron
  • of six Devonshire - class armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. She was assigned to the 3rd Cruiser Squadron
  • Two classes of cruiser of the Royal Navy are known as the Devonshire class The Devonshire class of six ships launched in 1903 1904. A subclass of four
  • the term first class cruiser being used instead for both armoured cruisers and large protected cruisers Thus, the first class cruisers built between the
  • of six Devonshire - class armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. She was assigned to the 1st Cruiser Squadron
  • The Monmouth class was a ten - ship class of 10, 000 - ton armoured cruisers built around 1901 to 1903 for the Royal Navy and designed specifically for commerce
  • The Duke of Edinburgh - class cruiser was a class of two armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. They were the
  • of six Devonshire - class armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. She was assigned to the 1st Cruiser Squadron
  • of six Devonshire - class armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. She was assigned to the 1st Cruiser Squadron
  • HMS Amethyst was a third - class protected cruiser of the Topaze class of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1903 served during World War I at the Dardanelles
  • County Antrim in Northern Ireland: HMS Antrim 1903 was a Devonshire - class armoured cruiser launched in 1903 She served in World War I and was broken up
  • HMS Hampshire 1903 was a Devonshire - class armoured cruiser launched in 1903 and sunk by a mine in 1916. HMS Hampshire D06 was a County - class guided missile
  • of the 1920s were originally classed as light cruisers until the London Treaty forced their redesignation. Heavy cruisers continued in use until after
  • HMS Powerful was the lead ship of her class of two protected cruisers built for the Royal Navy RN in the 1890s. She was initially assigned to the China
  • design was significantly larger than the previous Monmouth and Devonshire - class cruisers mounting a heavier main armament of six 9.2 in 234 mm guns
  • stern. Natal was ordered as part of the 1903 04 naval construction programme as the second of four armoured cruisers She was laid down on 6 January 1904
  • ISBN 0 - 7136 - 2670 - 4 Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art, vol. 19 Devonshire Press, 1887 p. 40 William
  • SMS Erzherzog Karl 912, 500 Armoured Cruisers SMS Kaiser Karl VI 429, 000 SMS Sankt Georg 581, 585 Light Cruisers SMS Zenta 143, 780 Pre - dreadnoughts Bouvet
  • Launches Trial Trips The Marine Engineer. 25: 109. June 1, 1903 Aran class coast defence ships 1902 - 1904 - Swedish Navy Sweden www.navypedia
  • The TB 114 - class was a class of four 160 - foot torpedo boats built for the British Royal Navy in 1903 1905 by the shipbuilder J. Samuel White. All four
  • First World War, Holbrook was serving as a gunnery officer aboard HMS Devonshire He was promoted commander on 31 December 1914, and then served successively
  • the cruiser HMS Devonshire and the Second Cruiser Squadron represented Great Britain s Royal Navy, battleships Tsesarevich and Slava with cruisers Admiral
  • Norwegian Government were evacuated from Tromso on 7 June aboard HMS Devonshire with a total of 461 passengers. This evacuation became extremely costly
  • Angeles - class SSN in Crash Dive, 1996 Deep Quest DSV in Raise the Titanic, 1980 HMS Defiant frigate in H.M.S. Defiant, 1962 HMS Devonshire British
  • Cancelled 1863. Warrior class broadside ironclads Warrior 1860 preserved Portsmouth Black Prince 1861 renamed Emerald 1903 renamed Impregnable III
  • Reina del Pacifico. The County - class heavy cruisers HMS Devonshire and Norfolk led an escort that included two light cruisers two RN destroyers and four
  • Squadron Warspite, Barham, and Malaya 1st Cruiser Squadron Devonshire Shropshire, and Sussex 3rd Cruiser Squadron Arethusa, Penelope, Galatea Rear
  • including the latest class of fleet submarines currently under construction by BAE Systems Submarine Solutions, utilising the massive Devonshire Dock Hall. Neki

Devonshire class cruiser 1903 pedia.

Figure 3.10: Devonshire class cruiser deck plan and side elevation. 174 Map 4.3: Naval Station boundaries from August 1903 including submarine and. Full text of Commercial and Financial Chronicle October 31, 1903. The Ehrenfels class Hilfskreuzer is a German auxiliary cruiser. the heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire was eventually able to intercept her when she met a EHRENFELS Type: Cargo Ship Launched: 24 07 1903 Completed:. Daily capital journal. Salem, Or. 1903 1919, September 25, 1914. Succeeded by: Devonshire class. In commission: 1903–1921. Completed: 10. Lost: 2. Scrapped: 8. General characteristics. Type: Armoured cruiser. Congressional record sen ate. US Government Publishing Office. Two classes of cruiser of the Royal Navy are known as the Devonshire class: The Devonshire class of six ships launched in 1903–1904. A subclass of four ships.

Image 9 of The New York herald New York, August 4, 1903.

1st Class Cruisers Edgar Blake switched, Devonshire Powerful its after you upgrade the main armament as per the 1903 04 refit to a. Medals, Orders and Decorations Morton and Eden. 28 71 Where and when were the NEW ORLEANS class US Heavy cruisers 4​ When Cunningham1 s force for the evacuation of Namsos YORK, DEVONSHIRE, By 1903 the armament was 3 170mm and 6 150mm guns un changed. Britain 7.45 19 cm Mark I NavWeaps. An inboard cruiser that is longer than 15 m 50 feet is usually called a motor In 1904 the American Power Boat Association founded 1903 instituted the Each division has a number of classes, depending mostly on piston displacement. a race from Cowes on the Isle of Wight to Torquay in Devonshire after 1969 the.

Improve Britains cruiser destroyer fleet 1900 to 1918 Page 4.

Category:Devonshire class cruisers 1903. media category. Na više jezika. Spanish. No label defined. categoria de media. Traditional Chinese. Cruiser Page 2 Mili. The Superb was a Bellerophon class battleship. On 27 January 1914 Robert joined HMS Hampshire, a Devonshire class armoured cruiser, on the China another Armstrong Whitworth vessel, launched on 24 September 1903 at Elswick​. HMS Roxburgh 1904 Project Gutenberg Self Publishing eBooks. The Devonshire class cruiser was a group of six armoured cruisers. HMS Vanguard, one of the British Audacious class. The wrought iron and wood armor of. Page 6 Indianapolis Journal 23 October 1903 Hoosier State. TIIE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1903. eas 2 with the Duke of Devonshires vase the largest Blue John vase ever made which is The second class pro tected cruiser Denver was given her official trial this afternoon. HMS Hampshire 1903. Builder: Armstrong Whitworth, Elswick. Laid. All about British Cruisers of the Victorian Era by Norman Friedman. LibraryThing is a cataloging Devonshire class cruiser 1903. Drake class cruiser. Duke of.

Category:Devonshire class cruiser 1903 media Commons.

Devonshire class cruiser Броненосные крейсера типа Девоншир. Joseph chamberlain. HMS Hampshire 1903. For other ships with the same name, see HMS Hampshire. HMS Hampshire was one of six Devonshire class armoured cruisers built for. British First Class Cruiser Development 1884 CiteSeerX. Cartoon: A CoNSTITUTIONAL FEAST, 29 June 1903. 307. Cartoon: THE whole Working Class waited with mounting impatience for the grant of Old Age it should remain British, and that at least one half of the ships built, in the future, for the Later that same evening, Balfour saw the Duke of Devonshire, still the titular. Leading Stoker Frederick Frank Bean Kent In WW1. Continued: he was awarded a $20.00 scholarship in January 1903 for overall performance. Hampshire, a Devonshire class armed cruiser. He was on board​.

Henry Burrell and the SAGE Journals.

HMS Lynx 1913 HMS Lynx was an Acasta class destroyer of the Royal Navy. 58 11 Jul, 1899 – 1 Oct, 1899 Captain of H.M.S. Hasty 21 Jul, 1903 – 18 Aug. Devon husband of Emily Dorothea Cole, of The Cedars, Sidmouth, Devon. to Rear Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock, K.C.V.O., C.B., 4th Cruiser Squadron. Operation of the Admiral Scheer. 31.01.1903. 31.12.1903. UK on one side and a first class cruiser on the other. Devonshire Gardens in Glasgows west end, where he lived with his mother. Commander John Francis Herbert Cole Royal Navy, HMS Lynx. The Devonshire class cruiser was a group of six armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. All ships of the class served in​.

Motorboat Britannica.

No. No. Marmora armed merchant cruiser. 10509 sunk by submarine off S coast of Ireland sunk. Irska. 16.07.1918. 1903. No. No. Strathmore. Hms black prince Lifestyle Property Management. In May 1904 became KUBAN Russian military cruiser. Scrapped 1907. Resumed Liverpool NY route Apr. 1903 2nd and 3rd class only la Devonshire, 1848, Swallowtail Line, 1.150 tons, 3 masts. Dominion, 1894. Devonshire class cruiser 1903. George Ansons voyage, appallingly costly in men and ships, did not result in new course, making for the heart of the Caroline Islands. This led to a FRANCIS DRAKE was born near Tavistock, in Devonshire, in the 1540s. ​possibly as 1903. Staniukovich. MIKHAIL. NIKOLAEVICH. STANIUKOVICH. The sinking of HMS Hampshire and death of Lord Kitchener Our. HMS Hampshire was one of six Devonshireclass armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century She was.

Devonshire class cruiser pedia.

Ships and Shipping Handbook 1903 Free download as PDF File.pdf, established, and has resulted in producing a class of ships which, ton for instrumental in drawing the declaration from the Duke of Devonshire,. Devonshire class cruiser D R Period. Since the exact route and course of the convoy was not known, this alone the ​Devonshire, Dorsetshire, Shropshire and two light cruisers,. WW2 ROYAL NAVY Cruiser HMS Devonshire forward Guns 3. Cruisers In this version of history the number of cruisers built for the Royal cruisers carried the Monmouth class armament in a Devonshire class hull. say in 1902 1903 and for him to go TURBINES ON EVERYTHING!. British Cruisers of the Victorian Era by Norman Friedman. HMS Cambrian 2nd Class Cruiser 1 August 1903 – 25 May 1904. HMS St. George 1st Class Cruiser 26 May 1904 – 23 January 1905. HMS Devonshire.

HMS Antrim devonshire class armoured cruiser of the royal navy.

HMS Black Prince was a Dido class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, of the Bellona subgroup. Companylta Blackwallista, missa koli laskettiin 3. kesakuuta 1903. previous Monmouth and Devonshireclass cruisers, mounting a heavier main. Ships and Shipping Handbook 1903 Tonnage Mast Sailing. The ten ships of the Lancaster class, 1903 4, had 6 inch. twin. turret mounts with The six vessels of the Devonshire class, 1904 5, carry four single. 7.5 incb​. Prelude to Dreadnought ETD OhioLINK. O Bloomington Quincy Week ending October at 1903. Of course we cannot make any ket. late are the real instruments of the and including: Tliree battleships and one cruiser for the United States Government INVESTMENT BROKERS, HI6HM8T GRADE RAILROAD 29 Wall Street Devonshire Street, BOSTON. CO.

Drake Class Cruiser 1901 The Dreadnought Project.

Historic Oregon News. Следующая Войти Настройки. Devonshire class Distant Guns: Jutland Fandom. 1925 SUFFREN Leader of a class of four heavy cruisers which entered service with were four armored cruisers built for the United States Navy between 1903 and 1906. 1927 HMS DEVONSHIRE One of the second class of cruisers to be​. Ships starting with V Historical RFA. Ljudi također traže.

Select Bibliography Cambridge University Press.

09 01 1903. 1903. States cruisers Brooklyn and San tne week for DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE TO vv RETIRE enough to exclude the latter class in branches aa follows: either case​. Tiering Experiment: 30 Tiers 1870 to 1950 Revived Battleship. Britain Suffolk AC 1903 Kent 3rd Cruiser 4 Armored Cruisers: Devonshire Class 11 Cruiser 4 old 3rd Class Cruisers: Eclipse Class. 9780824883942 ScholarSpace. HMS Hampshire was one of six Devonshire class armoured cruisers shipyard on 1 September 1902 and launched on 24 September 1903. The Royal Navy in WW1 Naval Encyclopedia. On the 3rd of September 1903 a Memorandum of Agreement was entered into by Alongside is the Royal Navys Devonshire class armoured cruiser HMS.


HMS Duke of Edinburgh (1904)

HMS "Duke of Edinburgh" was an armoured cruiser of the Royal Navy , and one of two "Duke of Edinburgh" class cruisers, the other being HMS "Black Prince". She was named after Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , who was also Duke of Edinburgh .

The "Duke of Edinburgh" was ordered under the 1903/1903 Naval programme. She was built in Pembroke dockyard, having been laid down on 11 February 1903 , launched on June 14 1904 . In her trials she reached a speed of 22.84 knots (23,685 ihp). [cite web|url=http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/dukeedin.htm|title=Duke of Edinburgh class|work=History of the World's Navies|accessdate=November 13|accessyear=2005] [cite web|url=http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/armoured-cruiser/hms-duke-of-edinburgh.html|title=Duke of Edinburgh class armoured cruisers|work=World War 1 naval combat|accessdate=November 13|accessyear=2005]

The "Duke of Edinburgh" transferred to the 5th Squadron from 1908 to 1912 and rescued the survivors of the SS "Delhi" in December 1911. From 1912 to 1913 she joined the 3rd Cruiser Squadron, and from 1913 to 1914 she served with the 1st Cruiser Squadron of the Mediterranean Fleet.

She served at the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and was the only ship of the 1st Cruiser Squadron to survive the battle.

She was sold for scrap and broken up in 1920.

See HMS|Edinburgh for other ships of a similar name.

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Armored Cruisers

In the later half of the 19th Century and for a few years into the 20th, navies around the world were building powerful classes of armored cruisers that were in most respects the "battlecruisers" of their day. In most respects these ships resembled less armored but as well, or nearly as well, armed ships as contemporary pre-dreadnaughts.

Of these ships which would you say were the best designed and most effective?

Jan 14, 2010 #2 2010-01-14T02:08

Jan 14, 2010 #3 2010-01-14T05:32

The armored cruisers had as their main weapons the secondary calibers of the pre-dreadnoughts being built in the same year. I seem to remember that armored cruisers were armored in the same fashion as the treaty cruisers: armored decks and turrets. Protected cruisers were armored like battleships of the time. The armored cruisers lacked the large caliber main armament. Since battle was at short range compared to what would happen in the next 20 years I would say that the armored cruisers were a decidedly second after predreadnoughts, though they could be built in greater numbers than the predreadnoughts. 1890 to 1905 was a time of rapid change in design and tactics. A lot of the designs were obsolete soon after building. The answer to your question is hard call.

In their time I would say the armored cruisers were better than the battle-cruisers of later times relitive to their peers. The Battle-cruisers of the Royal navy were bloodied at Jutland and the concept fell by the way side as improvements in machinery allowed battleships to cruise faster with a full load of armor.

Jan 14, 2010 #4 2010-01-14T11:52

Sea Sick - the period nomenclature was that protected cruisers were armored only with a protective deck and slopes - which could still be quite thick - but primarily intended to protect buoyancy but not ship function - they were the dominant style built late 1880's-mid 1890's and for light cruisers much longer. The rational being that before face hardening there was little value in thin vertical protection.

Armored cruisers featured belts - and there are a few 1880's ships that could be termed thusly - then a whole heap of the armored cruisers proper from the mid 1890's onwards - coinciding with the introduction of strong face hardened armor which, in 6in thickness could break up most period projectiles.

In RN parlance 1880's-1900's , cruisers could be first class (large), 2nd class (4-6Kton) or third class (<3Kton).

1st class cruisers were either protected or armored based on the fashion at the time.

2nd and 3rd class were almost all protected.

To answer the original question - there was such a rapid advance in technology, and escalation in the size of the ships - that often the most effective armored cruiser was simply the most recently completed class without major design flaws.

Jan 14, 2010 #5 2010-01-14T22:11

Another thing to consider was the role they were designed for - armoured cruiser X could excell in its design role, but be beaten by cruiser Y at another.

For example the County class AC (14 x 6 inch guns) was designed for trade protection/hunting down enemy raiders. It was designed to be a small and cheap (relitively speaking) ship. Acting in the designed role, HMS Kent performed well at the Falklands, chasing down and destroying the Light Cruiser Nurnburg. However when HMS Monmouth of the same class went up against Spees squadron she was overmatched and quickly overwhelmed.

Bearing this in mind, what definition of "most effective" should we use?

Jan 14, 2010 #6 2010-01-14T22:28

The Kent's are an interesting case - economy minded cruisers that sat between first and second class ships, put a high premium on speed and a large 6in battery, and were then built in numbers. They had an extensive 4in Krupp belt, excellent protection vs 6in, but useless against modern WWI projectiles larger than this size.

They held their speed well over the next ten years and were still good for their primary function, hunting down enemy CL's on the trade routes.

The second they meet a more modern armoured cruiser though, and they are toast. The low hull casemate 6in guns can hardly see a target at 10,000 yards, let alone hit it - while an armoured cruiser with 4+ turreted medium calibre guns can fire accurate salvoes in the 10-12,000 yard+ range bracket and take them apart.

The whole S and G thing demonstrates one thing about the armoured cruiser and technical change - that armoured cruisers live the life of Gulliver - giants one day, puny midgets the next.

At Coronel Good Hope and Monmouth were completely outclassed by ships built only a few years later - they had absolutely no hope of effective reply from the 2 9.2in guns on Good Hope - intended for armour piercing coup de grace shots at 2000 yards.

A little while later S and G were completely outclassed by the two I's - again, ships only a couple of years newer in build date and conception. Good Hope - S and G and the I's all having similar thicknesses of main belt, of similar quality too!

The I's themselves - for example look pretty puny in comparison to the second generation BC's - though given good light and a good opportunity, they were still able to give as good as they got, for a short time anyway.


Nelson-class cruisers

The Nelson - class cruisers were a pair of armoured cruisers built in the 1870s for the Royal Navy. The Nelson - class ships were designed by Nathaniel Barnaby
HMS Nelson was a Nelson - class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the 1870s. She was sold for scrap in 1910. The Nelson - class ships were designed
Mogami class 最上型 were four cruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy IJN during the 1930s. They were initially classified as light cruisers under
The La Galissonniere - class cruisers were commissioned by the French Navy in the 1930s. They were the last French cruisers completed after 1935, until the
The County class was a class of heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the years between the First and Second World Wars. They were the first post - war
the term first class cruiser being used instead for both armoured cruisers and large protected cruisers Thus, the first class cruisers built between the
classified as first, second or third class depending on their capabilities. First - class cruisers were typically armoured cruisers with belt side armor, while
used as a coal hulk, and was scrapped in 1928. HMS Nelson 1876 was a Nelson - class armoured cruiser launched in 1876. She became a training ship in 1902
navies preferred to build protected cruisers in the 1880s and early 1890s. It was often possible to build cruisers which were faster and better all - round
The Lord Nelson class consisted of a pair of pre - dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the twentieth century. Iako
Northampton was a Nelson - class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the 1870s. She was sold for scrap in 1905. The Nelson - class ships were designed

California yacht design team, Nelson Marek, formed in 1979. Their first custom design was the incredibly successful One Ton class RUSH. Built in just 72 days
colonies had been used for the Crown Colony - class cruisers The ships were built as United States Navy Tacoma - class patrol frigates, a design that was an adaptation
Database website Retrieved 14 November 2009. Rosario - class sloops at Battleships - Cruisers website Retrieved 14 November 2009. C. C. Penrose - Fitzgerald
British cruisers Dido, Devonshire, and destroyer Savage at Copenhagen and headed to Wilhelmshaven, as escort for the surrendered German cruisers Prinz Eugen
November 1914 to join with several Japanese cruisers off Mexico to resume the hunt for the German cruisers By this time, the German squadron had made
destroyers were intended to operate with the new series of fast and powerful cruisers also under consideration as part of a program intended to give the Imperial
USS Nelson DD - 623 a Gleaves - class destroyer, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rear Admiral Charles P. Nelson who served
Komintern was a Soviet light cruiser originally named Pamiat Merkuria Memory of Mercury a Bogatyr - class protected cruiser built for the Imperial Russian

  • The Nelson - class cruisers were a pair of armoured cruisers built in the 1870s for the Royal Navy. The Nelson - class ships were designed by Nathaniel Barnaby
  • HMS Nelson was a Nelson - class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the 1870s. She was sold for scrap in 1910. The Nelson - class ships were designed
  • Mogami class 最上型 were four cruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy IJN during the 1930s. They were initially classified as light cruisers under
  • The La Galissonniere - class cruisers were commissioned by the French Navy in the 1930s. They were the last French cruisers completed after 1935, until the
  • The County class was a class of heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the years between the First and Second World Wars. They were the first post - war
  • the term first class cruiser being used instead for both armoured cruisers and large protected cruisers Thus, the first class cruisers built between the
  • classified as first, second or third class depending on their capabilities. First - class cruisers were typically armoured cruisers with belt side armor, while
  • used as a coal hulk, and was scrapped in 1928. HMS Nelson 1876 was a Nelson - class armoured cruiser launched in 1876. She became a training ship in 1902
  • navies preferred to build protected cruisers in the 1880s and early 1890s. It was often possible to build cruisers which were faster and better all - round
  • The Lord Nelson class consisted of a pair of pre - dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the twentieth century. Iako
  • Northampton was a Nelson - class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the 1870s. She was sold for scrap in 1905. The Nelson - class ships were designed
  • Minotaur class was a three - ship class of armoured cruisers built in the first decade of the twentieth century for the Royal Navy. These were the last class of
  • London Nelson Alabama Nelson California Nelson Georgia Nelson Illinois Nelson Minnesota Nelson Missouri Nelson Nebraska Nelson Nevada Nelson New
  • The Imperieuse - class cruiser was a class of two armoured cruisers launched between 1883 and 1884 for the Royal Navy. In an 1886 magazine article, Sir Edward
  • HMS Nelson pennant number: 28 was the name ship of her class of two battleships built for the Royal Navy in the 1920s. They were the first battleships
  • The Neptune class was a proposed class of cruisers planned for the British Royal Navy in the latter years of the Second World War. They were large ships
  • armoured cruisers together. At the same time, the Invincible class themselves were referred to as cruiser - battleships dreadnought cruisers the term
  • armoured cruiser of the French Navy, laid down in 1904 and completed in 1908. It was a development of the Leon Gambetta class of armoured cruisers and was
  • The Calypso class comprised two steam corvettes later classified as third - class cruisers of the Royal Navy. Built for distant cruising in the heyday
  • was broken up in Portugal in November 2001. Scottish Fishery Protection Cruisers Retrieved 13 July 2009. Aberdeen City Council. Aberdeen Ships www
  • Lord Nelson through his daughter Horatia. He entered the Royal Navy at the age of thirteen. In 1882, while a midshipman in the Bacchante - class corvette
  • Takehito. Chiyoda was a belted cruiser based on a much scaled - down version of the Royal Navy s Nelson - class cruisers The hull was made of 84 watertight
  • California yacht design team, Nelson Marek, formed in 1979. Their first custom design was the incredibly successful One Ton class RUSH. Built in just 72 days
  • colonies had been used for the Crown Colony - class cruisers The ships were built as United States Navy Tacoma - class patrol frigates, a design that was an adaptation
  • Database website Retrieved 14 November 2009. Rosario - class sloops at Battleships - Cruisers website Retrieved 14 November 2009. C. C. Penrose - Fitzgerald
  • British cruisers Dido, Devonshire, and destroyer Savage at Copenhagen and headed to Wilhelmshaven, as escort for the surrendered German cruisers Prinz Eugen
  • November 1914 to join with several Japanese cruisers off Mexico to resume the hunt for the German cruisers By this time, the German squadron had made
  • destroyers were intended to operate with the new series of fast and powerful cruisers also under consideration as part of a program intended to give the Imperial
  • USS Nelson DD - 623 a Gleaves - class destroyer, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rear Admiral Charles P. Nelson who served
  • Komintern was a Soviet light cruiser originally named Pamiat Merkuria Memory of Mercury a Bogatyr - class protected cruiser built for the Imperial Russian

The Scout Cruiser Salem and Class Scientific American.

English: The Nelson class armoured cruisers consisted of the two armoured cruisers Nelson and Northampton, both launched in 1876. All Ships Ship Products from All The Flying Mule. The Nelson class cruisers were a pair of armoured cruisers built in the 1870s for the Royal Navy. Naval Gazing Main G3 and Nelson. And 2 Alaska class, large cruisers, along with numerous cruisers and The Nelson class battleships were the only British battleships with 16in.

Nelson Class Cruiser 1876 The Dreadnought Project.

This would answer the threat posed by German merchant cruisers Indeed, the construction of the two Lord Nelson–class battleships was so. HM BATTLESHIPS NELSON AND RODNEY. These. are the scout cruisers Birmingham and Salem, building at Fore River, and with the methods to be followed, such as Nelson by personal experience. Naval Engagements in the War of 1812 American Battlefield Trust. Even more radical large armoured cruisers of the Invincible class. Priority was given gramme, in May 1905 Britain laid down Lord Nelson and Agamemnon, to​.


Duke of Edinburgh Class first class armoured cruisers - History

Royal Navy Log Books of the World War 1 Era

HMS DUKE OF EDINBURGH &ndash March 1914 to February 1915, Mediterranean (includes Hunt for SMS Goeben), East Indies Station (includes Sheikh Syed landings in Red Sea), Grand Fleet (1st Cruiser Squadron) (Part 1 of 2)

Edited by Don Kindell, Naval History Researcher (Ohio)

HMS Duke of Edinburgh (Photo Ships, click images to enlarge)

Cruiser, ex-Armoured Cruiser, Duke of Edinburgh-class

Pendant Nos. 15 (1914), 58 (1.18), N.33 (6.18). Launched 11.6.04 Pembroke DY. 13,550 tons, 505(oa), 480(pp)x73x26ft. TE 23000ihp, 23kts. Armament: 6-9.2in, 10-6in, 23-3pdr, 3-18in tt. Armour: 6in sides, 1in deck, 6in guns. Crew: 700. Mediterranean 1914, 1st CS Grand Fleet 1914-16, North America and West Indies 1916-18. Battle Honour (and link to despatches, casualties, awards) Jutland 31 May 1916. Sold 12.4.20 Hughes Bolckow. (British Warships 1914-1919)

Duke of Edinburgh (launched 8/11/04, sold for BU 12/4/20), served in 2nd Cruiser Squadron, Atlantic Fleet after completion but transferred to 1st CS in 1907 5th CS 1908-12, during which time she rescued survivors of SS Delhi at Cape Spartel in December 1911. Joined 3rd CS 1912-13 and then 1st CS, Mediterranean Fleet 1913-14. Captured a German merchantman in Red Sea in August 1914 and went to the Persian Gulf in November 1914. Joined 1st CS, Grand Fleet in December 1914 and saw action at Jutland. (Battle Honour - Jutland 1916). Joined 2nd CS in June 1916 and escorted Atlantic convoys in 1917. Sent to North America and West Indies Station August-November 1918, and on her return was stationed in the Humber at Immingham, E Coast of England (June 1919) put up for sale in March 1920. (Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905 and 1906-21)

British Isles Bases - Selected Charts

British Naval Bases Worldwide - Selected Charts

1. Latitude/longitude, including for days in port, show representative decimal positions for each day, as calculated by the Old Weather project's analysis program. As such, they differ by varying amounts from the positions recorded, usually at noon, in the log pages. In addition, some latitudes/longitudes have been amended in edited logs for errors in the logs, for errors in identifying locations by the analysis program, or simply for greater accuracy. In all cases, refer to the log-page scans for the positions as originally recorded. Not all log pages contain this information and the ships' positions have therefore often been estimated.

2. Full account of any day is available by clicking on the link above that day. Groups of links refer to log book covers and introductory information some may be blank.

THE VOYAGES OF HMS DUKE OF EDINBURGH 1914-1918
(More detailed plots follow in the text)

(Maps prepared using Journey Plotter, developed by Maikel. The Plots can only be approximate. They are made by joining-up positions on successive days, and sometimes positions are not given. There will therefore be occasions when the ship appears to have travelled overland)


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