Vavilonski lav

Vavilonski lav



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Nergal: Pijevac s lavovom glavom, bog babilonskog pakla (Zemlja)

Nergal je heroj Bog rata i podzemlja – tj.: Babilonija, Zemlja, pakao, Zemlja mrtvih i ono što danas možemo nazvati – Modernost.

Nergal je predsjedao ljudskim poslovima kao jedan od uzročnika kazne, a njegovi glavni instrumenti bili su magija, rat i kuga. On je također bio kralj duhova zraka koji je gotovo uvijek bio u društvu svoje žene Ereskigal i mnogih demona ratnika kao njegovih legija.

Za Boga Nergala se govorilo da je idol Samarićanskih Hebreja koje također poznajemo pod imenima Kush, Cuthah, Cuthites, Cushite i Cutheans. Nergal se spominje u 2. Kraljevima xvii, te babilonskom talmudskom traktatu Sanhedrin (fol. 63, str. 2) u kojem se navodi da su ljudi iz Kutha Nergala učinili svojim bogom.

Na temelju ovih povijesnih opisa znamo da se za Nergala govorilo da se štuje u obliku pijetla (pijetla) ili čovjeka s glavom pijetla. Ali također je pronađen prikazan kao “čovjek-lav ” s tijelom čovjeka i glavom lava.

Na jednom od najstarijih prikaza Nergala također vidimo simbole poput rogova na glavi, škorpiona, borbene sjekire, Velike majke i paklenog psa Cerbera – troglavog ‘Demon-psa ’.

Škorpionski obredi su misterije apokalipse.

Ovdje je drevna reljefna rezbarija Nergala koja datira otprilike iz prvog ili drugog stoljeća poslije Krista.

Besmrtni idoli koji su predstavljali Nergala, pijetla (pijetao) i čovjeka s lavovskom glavom zapravo su dva najvažnija simbola koja ćete pronaći u čitavoj povijesti.

Ti isti spomenuti simboli također su istaknuto simbolizirani u abrahamskim religijama egzoteričnog svijeta, a također i ezoterijskim bićem iz antičkog gnosticizma koji je dao povoda modernom masonstvu. Na primjer, imamo Yaldabaota koji je u Nag Hammadiju opisan kao glavni arhont kojeg je stvorila božica Sofija u „obliku zmije s lavovim licem, a oči su mu bile poput munje koja blješti.

Dopustite mi da podsjetim neke od vas kršćana da je naš Gospodin također bio simboliziran kao pijetao u Svetom pismu ili bih trebao reći "Sveti pijetao." koji se odnosi na "pijetao ili pijetao" (muško pile) a izraz gallīna koristi se za “kokoš” (žensko pile).

Zato je jedno od Isusovih prezimena bilo „Isus Galilejac iz Galileje“, a njegovi apostoli poput Šimuna također su se prezivali „Petar Galilejac“.

Također, ne zaboravimo glavni simbol za Pleme Gospodnje – Juda je lav.

Možda je to razlog zašto se Isus preziva Galilejac (pijetao/pijetao) iz Gallilleeja (rijeka Galli), a knez apostola poput Šimuna Samarijanca koji se prezivao Petar također je bio Galilejac. (Matej 26:69 Ivan 7:41)

TKO JE BOG BIO NERGAL

Kao što sam već mnogo puta spomenuo o Gnostičkom ratniku, mitologija i teologija idu ruku pod ruku i gdje god je putovalo ovo svećenstvo Svetog pijetla, često su ostavljali svoje besmrtne tragove svojim potomcima da razbiju pečat kako bi slijedili put do njihovo pravo podrijetlo.

To je možda razlog zašto nalazimo Bog Nergal (Ner-gal, Nirgal ili Nirgali) u Bibliji kao božanstvo grada Cuth (Cuthah):

“I Babilonski su ljudi napravili Succothbenoth, a stanovnici Cutha Nergal, a Hamatci su učinili Ashimu ” (2. Kraljeva 17:30), kaže se da je otac Kuša (Kish) (1. Ljetopisa 8: 33). 1. Samuelova 14:51 treba pročitati, “Kish, Saulov otac i Ner, otac Abnerov, bili su Abielovi sinovi. ” I stoga su ovaj Kish i Ner bili braća, a Saul i Abner prvi rođaci (Comp. 1 Chronicles 9:36)

Rečeno je da su glavna sjedišta štovanja Nergala u drevnim gradovima Cutha i Tarbissa. Cutha je bio sveti grad u kojem je rečeno da "živi" i u kojem ste u davna vremena mogli pronaći njegovo poznato svetište. "Ljudi iz Cutha", kada su transportirani kao kolonisti u Samariju, tada su postali biblijski poznati pod imenima kao što su Babilonci, Samarijanci i Leviti.

U nekim povijesnim babilonskim izvještajima rekao se da je njihov glavni hram planina Gerizim, nasuprot Jeruzalemskom hramu, gdje se govorilo da štuju Boga zvanog ‘Nergal. ’ Otac engleske povijesti i Doktor Crkve, sv. Bede kaže da smo u Knjizi mjesta to čitali “Benoth i Nergal bili su gradovi koje su Samarjani izgradili u regiji Judeje ” koji su migrirali iz Babilona.

Zanimljivo je da Bede kaže da je Nergal bio grad izgrađen u blizini regije Judeje jer sam, u vlastitom istraživanju i kao što sam spomenuo mnogo, mnogo puta u prošlosti, otkrio da je grad za Staru Judeju bio na drevnom Otok Kreta u podnožju planine Ida.

Ovo je isto mjesto na kojem su drevni mitovi o Velikoj Kretskoj Majci koje poznajemo pod imenima kao što su Cybele, Magna Mater i Rhea povjerili posebnom svećenstvu ” brigu o djetetu Bogu – Zeusu koji je bio skriven u spilji na brdu Ida od svog osvetoljubivog oca Cronusa. Bilo ga je na brdu Ida -AKA Judah, gdje ga je stavila na skrb svećeništva poznatog pod raznim imenima, poput Kureta, Telchnina, Corybantesa, Daktila i Cabirija.

Rimsko-židovski povjesničar iz prvog stoljeća Josip Flavije potvrđuje ovu činjenicu kada kaže pleme Judino ili Judejsko (Idumejsko) s brda Ida. Danas bi bili poznati kao Judejci ili Judino pleme i#8211 Pleme našeg Gospodina.

To je razlog zašto nalazimo Samaritanske Levite na brdu Ida koje bi također najvjerojatnije bilo isto mjesto gdje je poznati zakonodavac Levitski svećenik – Mojsije primio knjige Zakona od Boga na brdu Sinaj. Uostalom, na Kreti su se tako prirodno pojavili neki od najpoznatijih zakonodavaca u čitavoj povijesti, poput Epimenide Gnoze i kralja Minosa, Mojsije bi također primio “Nove zakone ” na brdu Ida na Kreti.

Mogli bismo sa sigurnošću reći da bi samaritanski leviti bili defacto pravni zaštitnici postavljeni za našeg Gospodina u ovom šestom dobu.

Doba koje može završiti kada se uspostave posljednja zakonska svećenstva za našeg Gospodina i kada se SVI pretendenti ukinu i unište.

Sve te drevne priče dolaze do nas iz istog svećenstva Mount Ida za koje vjerujem da je sjeme plemena koje poznajemo kao “samaritski leviti. ” Poput Kureta, Telchnina, Corybantesa, Daktila i Cabirija, ovog drevnog Gospodinovo svećenstvo bilo je dodijeljeno da čuva i bdije nad Kovčegom Saveza.

Nergal (Nirgal ili Nirgali) i koji je u Svetom pismu poznat kao Ner bio je drevni patrijarh i otac ovom plemenu.

U etimologiji Nergala nalazimo da je to složena riječ sastavljena od dvije riječi Ner i Gal. Značenje Ner je svijeća, svjetiljka i ili svjetlo. Gal, kao što sam već spomenuo, dolazi od latinskog gallus ili žučnjak koji se odnosi na "pijetao ili pijetao" (muško pile), a izraz gallīna koristi se za "kokoš" (žensko pile).

Ner-Gal je također bio potomstvo (pro-geni) onoga koga poznajemo kao našeg Gospodina na Zapadu i#8211 Isusa Galilejca iz rijeke Galileje i njegovih 12 apostolskih Galilejaca, uključujući Šimuna Samarijanca kojeg također poznajemo pod dodatnim biblijskim prezimenima kao sveti Petar – AKA Prvi gnostik i kada je postao otpadnik od vjere iz kojega je bio kršten, tada je postao sotona – Gospodin lijeva ruka i zaštitnik.


Drevna astronomija

Sve donedavno u povijesti čovječanstva, astronomija i astrologija smatrane su jednim istim. Stari ljudi su vidjeli da su zvijezde, sazviježđa i planeti obdareni duhovima i božanstvima, pa su astronomija i astrologija najstarija i najsvetija nauka.

Diljem svijeta pronađeni su drevni astronomski kalendari. Vjeruje se da je drevna astronomska opservatorija u Gobekli Tepi stara najmanje 12.000 godina. Arheolozi mogu samo nagađati o tome, ako se tome pridaje neki vjerski (ili astro-teološki) značaj. Isto se ne može reći za astronomiju koja je nastala iz drevne Mezopotamije.


4 odgovora 4

Problem je u tome što klinasta ploča s dokazima još nije prevedena. Dopustite mi da objasnim na primjeru:-

5. srpnja 2007. očekujem da će dr. Michael Jursa malo skočiti od radosti u Londonu dovršivši prijevod onoga što je danas poznato kao "Nebo-Sarsekim ploča". Ova ploča potvrđuje ime koje se nalazi u Jeremiji 39. stihu 3. Prevoditelji Biblije kralja Jamesa nisu bili sigurni kako odvojiti različita imena na popisu imena, pa je verzija Jakova pogrešna "Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris." zbog prijevoda dr. Jurse sada znamo da bi trebao glasiti "Samgar, Nebo-sarsechim, glavni eunuh .." (jer "Nebo" pripada sarsechimu i također je sada poznato da "Rabsaris" nije nečije ime, već znači "poglavica" Eunuh ”na asirskom).

Dakle, u kojem je mjesecu ploča Nebo-Sarsekim preuzeta s arheološkog nalazišta? Možda početkom 2007. ?? Ne tako. Prvi put je pronađen 1870 -ih.

Poanta je u tome da postoje tisuće i tisuće, a opet više tisuća klinastih ploča koje nisu izložene, već pohranjene u muzejima diljem svijeta, čekajući na prijevod. Problem je što svijet nema dovoljno prevoditelja klinastog pisma. Iako je istina da još nemamo izvan Biblije dokaze koji potvrđuju priču o trojici muškaraca u vatrenoj peći, bilo bi pogrešno jednostavno ustvrditi "nema izvanbiblijskih dokaza". Vjerojatno ga nećemo imati jer potencijalni dokazi još nisu prevedeni: još nismo imali priliku prevesti veliku većinu materijala iz kojeg će takvi dokazi vjerojatno proizaći.

Iako još nemamo posebne potkrepljujuće dokaze, u Danielovoj knjizi postoji fascinantan aspekt događaja. Pretpostavljam da svi znamo da su Shadrach, Meshach i Abednego bačeni u vatrenu peć tijekom vladavine Babilonaca, a kasnije je Daniel bačen u "lavovsku jazbinu" tijekom vladavine Perzijanaca. No, imajte na umu da bismo, da je bilo obrnuto, opravdano imali ozbiljne sumnje u autentičnost cijele knjige: kad bi knjiga u Danijelu tvrdila da su tri čovjeka bačena lavovima pod babilonskom vlašću, i Danijel je bio bačen u vatrenu peć pod perzijskom vlašću, tada bismo imali dobar razlog sumnjati da je autor bio upoznat s Perzijskim carstvom ili perzijskom osjetljivošću.

To je zato što su Perzijanci bili pod jakim utjecajem zoroastrizma. Kir Veliki je i sam bio zoroastrijac. I zoroastrijanci (i sada i tada) posebno poštuju vatru. Za njih je vatra čista i čista. Imaju hramove vatre u kojima izvode ceremonije. Ne radi se toliko o tome da se vatra koristi za bogoslužje, već o tome da se sama vatra poštuje zbog svoje čistoće. Na primjer, zoroastrijski svećenici nose maske za lice kako bi pokrili usta dok izvode svoje rituale ispred vatre kako bi bili sigurni da nenamjerno nisu pljunuli ili na drugi način zagadili čistoću vatre. Mnogo manje bi pomislili baciti osobu ili ljude u bilo kakvu vatru, bilo bi to svetogrđe.

Kad nailazimo na sve više ovakvih posrednih dokaza, on ima, ili bi barem trebao imati, kumulativan učinak na nas.

Zašto su Babilonci uopće zapalili vatru? Predloženo je: proizvesti završnu obradu cigle za njihove prekrasne građevine, poput vrata Ishtar, s ostakljenom opekom.

I zašto su imali "lavlju jazbinu"? To nije bilo mjesto gdje su lavovi odabrali živjeti, bilo je to mjesto gdje su lavovi koji su bili zarobljeni (ili kupljeni iz inozemstva) održavani na životu sve dok kralj nije bio spreman za lov na lavove. U vrijeme lova na lavove, kralj i njegovi prijatelji i tjelohranitelji bili bi spremni na konjima na nekom napuštenom mjestu, lav bi bio pušten, a zatim bi se lav lovio i ubijao. Na zidovima Britanskog muzeja u Londonu možete vidjeti ogromne freske u lovu na lavove iz vremena Asirskog carstva. Babilonci su usvojili istu zabavu. U tim će lovovima kralj biti taj koji će dokrajčiti lava, pokazujući svoju hrabrost, hrabrost, moć i spremnost da bude zaštitnik svojih podaničkih naroda.

Postoji još jedna mogućnost postojanja lavlje jazbine:-

Vjeroučitelj Zoroaster učio je puno prije Daniela. No, zoroastrizam danas nije uistinu glavna religija. Kako danas nema mnogo više sljedbenika nego što ih ima? Pretpostavlja se da je jedan od razloga zašto zoroastrizam nije popularniji zbog načina na koji zbrinjavaju svoje mrtve. Zoroastrijanci ne sahranjuju svoje mrtve jer bi to narušilo čistoću zemlje, niti kremiraju svoje mrtve. to bi značilo ukaljati čistoću vatre.

Kako onda zorostrijanci zbrinjavaju mrtva tijela, i tada i danas? Daju tijelo jestivim životinjama. Ovo bi mogao biti odraz dijela svijeta odakle je vjerojatno nastao, istočnog Perzijanaca/Irana, možda Afganistana. Na Himalaji je i danas tlo većinom godine previše ledeno da bi se pokopali mrtvi. Tijelo voljene osobe daje se (po cijeni) čovjeku koji ga odnese na planinu da ga, izvan vidokruga, pokloni divljim životinjama. Kad su perzijski i medijski vladari došli u Babilon, nagađam, sa sobom su doveli lavove zbog svog oblika "pokopa". Pretpostavljam da bi to bilo posebno željeno za njihovu kraljevsku obitelj i elitu: "sahraniti" svoje mrtve na ovaj jeziv način privatno daleko od znatiželjnih očiju opće mase ljudi (a posebno zato što mnogi od njih ne bi bili zoroastrijski, pa stoga bio bi još znatiželjniji). Strani medijski i perzijski vladari htjeli bi svesti na najmanju moguću mjeru mogućnost da vladarska smrt postane uzrok pobune slavlja među stanovništvom.

Ukratko, Daniel je odveden na mjesto gdje su zbrinuti mrtvi perzijske i medijske vladajuće elite.

Važno je napomenuti da kada je kralj Darius došao u jazbinu rano ujutro nije pozvao svjetlo i pogledao dolje u jazbinu da vidi je li Daniel dobro. pozvao je Daniela (Daniel 6: 19,20). Nagovještaj Danijela 6, stih 19,20, je da nije bilo prozora za jednostavno gledanje, lavovi nisu bili u kavezima da bi se vidjeli i divili im se. Bili su izvan vidokruga. Nije li to baš ono što bi svi htjeli da su lavovi imali jeziv zadatak pojesti preminule najmilije? Kad bi lavovi izvršili zadatak da pojedu voljene osobe, onda doista ne biste htjeli da vi ili bilo tko drugi imate mogućnost gledati.

Bez obzira je li ovo nagađanje istinito ili ne, barem knjiga Danijela ne čini veliku grešku i nije Danijela bacila u vatrenu peć tijekom Perzijskog carstva. Babilonac Nabukodonosor naredio je trojici ljudi da uđu u vatru: nije bio Zoroastrijac.


Drevna židovska povijest: Babilonska židovska zajednica

Postojala je skupina Židova koja nikada nije napustila Babiloniju nakon babilonskog izgnanstva u 6. stoljeću prije nove ere. Ova zajednica je manje -više napredovala. Živeći od 129. pr. Kr. Pod Partskom vlašću, labavo povezanom polufeudalnom državom, uspjela je razviti svoje autonomne institucije uz malo uplitanja kraljevske vlade. Partnjani koji su se uvijek bojali rimske intervencije pozdravili su židovsko protivljenje Rimu, barem do Hadrijanovog doba.

Parti su uspostavili židovsku vezu između vlade i židovske zajednice, egzilarha, koji je tako postao poglavar babilonskog židovstva. Izvučeni navodno iz Davidove kuće, ponosni na svoju genealošku čistoću, egzilarhi su nosili kamaru, krilo ureda partskog dvora i osporavali prvenstvo s visokim partijskim dužnosnicima.

Zajednica na čijem su čelu bili je brojna (procjene njezina broja variraju od 800.000 do 1.200.000) i ekonomski utemeljena, a sastojala se od priličnog broja poljoprivrednika i mnogih trgovaca koji su se obogatili kao posrednici u profitabilnoj trgovini svilom između Kine i Rimskog carstva prolazeći kroz Babiloniju.

Židovi nisu uživali samo slobodu vjeroispovijesti, autonomnu jurisdikciju, već čak i pravo da imaju svoja tržišta i imenuju nadzornike tržišta (agoranomoi).

226. godine prije Krista Sasanidi su osvojili Parte. Bili su pobožni zoroastrijanci i postojala je određena napetost između novog političkog vodstva i židovske zajednice. Međutim, nakon razdoblja nevolja i neslaganja na početku vladavine Shapura I. (241 𤬀), s kraljem su se postupno uspostavljali bolji odnosi.

Osim političkog i ekonomskog statusa, glavni interes babilonskog židovstva bili su njegovi odnosi s rabinskim centrima u Judeji te njegov vjerski/politički razvoj, što je dovelo do stvaranja babilonske Gemare. Sve dok je postojao Hram, Jeruzalem je bio vjersko središte židovskog naroda. S razaranjem Hrama 70. godine naše ere, odnosi babilonske dijaspore s Izraelom karakterizirani su ambivalentnošću.

Bilo je pokušaja da se babilonski rabinski sudovi učine neovisnim o izraelskim već u 100. godine. Ovi pokušaji nisu uspjeli. Narod i stoga babilonsko židovsko vodstvo priznalo je autoritet izraelskih židovskih sudova.

Tijekom Hadrijanskog progona nekoliko uglednih učenjaka, R. Yochanan Ha-Sandlar, R. Eleazar rođ. Šamua i drugi učenici R. Akive privremeno su se nastanili u Babiloniji i time povećali njezin ugled. Međutim, majstorska osobnost patrijarha R. Judeja I. i dalje je dominirala iz Izraela. Na njegovom je dvoru bilo najmanje pet Babilonaca, a on je tvrdio i dobio je pravo zarediti suce i za Babiloniju. R. Judah je doista priznao genealošku superiornost egzilarha, R. Hune, ali samo na sigurnoj udaljenosti.

Uvjeti u Babiloniji promijenili su se dolaskom 219. godine prije Krista u Nehardeju Abba Aricha (Rav), jednog od učenika Jude HaNasija. U Nehardeu je stigao s kopijom novog bestselera, Mišne. Samuel, sin Abbe b. Abba, bogati trgovac svilom, bio je vodeći mudrac u Nehardei. Samuel je uspostavio izvrsne odnose s kraljem Shapurom I. zbog njega je pravilo da građansko pravo ima snagu vjerskog zakona postalo svjetlo vodilja babilonske židovske zajednice.

Rav je, primijetivši ozbiljne razlike između sebe i Samuela, osnovao novu akademiju u Suri. U međuvremenu, škola Nehardea je raspršena nakon napada Palmirene 259. godine i ponovno sastavljena u Pumbediti koja je postala suparnik Sure među babilonskim školama. Više akademija razvilo se u Machozi i Mati Mechasya. Čini se da je nastavni proces sličan u svim školama. Svaki je započeo odlomkom Mišne uz koji se čini da su već priložene dodatne tradicije i rasprave iz razdoblja prije pisanja Mišne. O njima se raspravljalo i dodavale su se nove pravne izjave. Svaki od ovih razvijenih dijelova materijala povezanih s izjavom iz Mišne naziva se sugya. Svaka je sljedeća generacija učila sugyu, a zatim je dodavala pitanja, izazove (obično iz druge poznate sugye), filozofske argumente i priče povezane s stvarnim materijalima o kojima se raspravlja ili s pretpostavljenim načelom za koje su studenti prava vjerovali da su ga imale prethodne generacije mudraca. Budući da su većina učitelja bili studenti prethodnog voditelja akademija, pretpostavljalo se da su mnoge njihove izjave izravni citati njihovih učitelja. Postoje i mnogi primjeri zapažanja ponašanja učitelja kao dokaz temeljnih načela tog učitelja. Neki su učitelji vjerovali u poticanje filozofske argumentacije, drugi su naglasili pomno ispitivanje samih zakonskih tekstova.

Nastavila se postojati skupina mudraca koji su putovali između Judeje i Babilonije razmjenjujući tradicije.

S krizama s kojima se židovska zajednica suočila u trećem i četvrtom stoljeću naše ere, Babilonci, koji su uvijek bili ponosni na svoje podrijetlo, sada su počeli inzistirati i na svojoj superiornosti u učenju i židovskoj vlasti. Za vrijeme Konstantinove vladavine to su im olakšali Nasi, Hillel II. Objavio je pravila kalendara, prerezavši tako preostalu autoritativnu vezu Izraela s Babilonijom. Ishod je bio da su pravne akademije u Babiloniji od 4. do 6. stoljeća postale židovska mjerodavna središta židovskog svijeta.


Vavilonski lav - Povijest

Otkrivenje 16:16 najavljuje početak bitke za Armagedon: "I okupio ih je zajedno na mjesto koje se na hebrejskom jeziku zove Armagedon."
Sljedeća tri stiha bilježe pad Babilona Velikog. "I sedmi je anđeo izlio svoju bočicu u zrak ... i veliki Babilon se sjetio pred Bogom da joj da čašu vina žestokosti svoga gnjeva."
Ovaj nas odlomak jasno uči da će se uništenje Babilona dogoditi u vrijeme bitke za Armagedon.
Budući da znamo da se Armagedonska bitka događa na kraju Velike nevolje, nakon vladavine Antikrista i nakon oznake Zvijeri, očito je da Babilon još nije pao.

Još jedno proročanstvo o uništenju Babilona

Cijela služba starozavjetnog proroka Jeremije bila je posvećena proricanju uništenja Jeruzalema i odvođenju Izraela u babilonsko sužanjstvo. Također je prorekao povratak Izraela u Jeruzalem nakon 70 godina i predskazao konačno uništenje Babilona.

Proročanstvo protiv Babilona nalazi se u Jeremija 50: 1-23.

“Riječ koju je Jahve rekao od proroka Jeremije protiv Babilona i zemlje kaldejske. Proglasite se među narodima, objavite i postavite standardno objavljivanje, a ne skrivajte: recimo, Babilon je zauzet ... Jer sa sjevera izlazi narod protiv nje koji će učiniti njezinu zemlju pustom i nitko neće stanovati u njemu ... Zbog gnjeva Jahvina neće biti naseljen, nego će biti potpuno pust: svaki koji prolazi Babilonom zadivit će se i zasiktati na sve njegove pošasti. "

Ajeti 17 i 18 zasigurno utvrđuju kada je trebalo doći do uništenja Babilona:

„Izrael je rasuta ovca koju su ga lavovi otjerali: prvo ga je proždrijeo asirski kralj, a na kraju mu je ovaj babilonski kralj Nabukodonozor slomio kosti. Zato ovako govori Jahve nad Vojskama, Bog Izraelov, evo, kaznit ću kralja babilonskog i njegovu zemlju, kao što sam kaznio asirskog kralja. "

Gore navedeni zapisi nas uče da će se to posebno prorečeno uništenje Babilona dogoditi u doba babilonskog carstva Nabukodonozora.

Nadalje, stihovi 39-40 izjavljuju da Babilon više nikada neće biti naseljen. "Stoga će pustinjske zvijeri s divljim zvijerima s otoka prebivati ​​ondje, a sove će u njima prebivati: i više neće biti naseljeno zauvijek ..."

Predviđena dva razaranja Babilona ...

Jeremijino proročanstvo jasno je reklo da će Babilon biti uništen i da više nikada neće biti naseljen. Ipak, knjiga Otkrivenja predviđa uništenje Babilona u vrijeme Harmagedona. Kako pomiriti ono što se čini kao biblijska kontradikcija?

Doslovni Babilon protiv Tajanstvenog Babilona

Fizički grad Babilon prvotno je sagradio Nimrod nakon potopa. Nalazio se na rijeci Eufrat, oko 55 milja južno od mjesta gdje se danas nalazi Bagdad u Iraku. Naziv Babilon došao je od babilonske kule koja je tamo sagrađena.

Babilon je postao veliki grad s globalnom istaknutošću oko 1728. godine prije Krista za vrijeme Hamurabija. Godine slave Babilona postignute su pod Nabukodonozorom II (604.-562. Pr. Kr.). Grad je propadao tijekom vladavine Beltazara, a propao je kad ga je Kserks, perzijski kralj, uništio 478. godine prije Krista.

Tako je Jeremijino prorečeno uništenje Babilona ostvareno i, baš kao što je proročanstvo reklo, do danas nikada nije bilo naseljeno. Saddam Hussein pokrenuo je projekt obnove Babilona krajem 1980 -ih, ali je taj pokušaj zaustavio Prvi zaljevski rat i tek se treba nastaviti.
No ako Babilon nikada neće biti obnovljen, zašto su dva čitava poglavlja knjige Otkrivenja posvećena uništenju Babilona? I zašto se jasno opisuje uništenje Babilona koje se dogodilo u vrijeme Harmagedona?
Babilon opisan u Otkrivenju naziva se "Tajanstveni Babilon". Proročanstvo o tajnom Babilonu nalazi se u Otkrivenje 17: 3-5.

“I odveo me u duhu u pustinju: i vidio sam ženu kako sjedi na grimiznoj zvijeri, punoj imena bogohuljenja, sa sedam glava i deset rogova. Žena je bila odjevena u ljubičastu i grimiznu boju, ukrašena zlatom i dragim kamenjem i biserima, sa zlatnom čašom u ruci punom gnusoba i prljavštine njezina bluda: a na čelu joj je bilo ispisano ime, MISTERIJA, BABILON VELIKA, MAJKA ZLATAKA I GASOVA ZEMLJE. ”

Tko je Mystery Babylon?

Misterij je nešto tajno ili skriveno - stvar koju neki razumiju, a drugi ne. U Otkrivenje 17, postoji nekoliko naznaka o identitetu Tajanstvenog Babilona. Ovdje ćemo raspravljati o četiri.

Trag #1. Tajanstveni Babilon je grad

Primijetite u gornjem proročanstvu da se žena koristi za simboliziranje Tajanstvenog Babilona. Stih 18 poglavlja govori nam da je žena grad. "A žena koju si vidio je taj veliki grad, koji vlada nad kraljevima zemlje."

Trag #2. Tajanstveni Babilon predsjeda ogromnim međunarodnim sustavom

U prvom stihu rečeno nam je da žena sjedi na mnogim vodama. Stih 15 objašnjava značenje voda. "I reče mi: Vode koje si vidio, gdje sjedi kurva, su narodi i mnoštvo, i narodi i jezici."

Ne samo da je ova žena grad, već je i grad očito sjedište ogromnog međunarodnog sustava.

Trag #3. Grad se nalazi na 7 brda

U 3. stihu rečeno nam je da žena jaše na zvijeri sa 7 glava. Stih 9 otkriva značenje glava. „A ovdje je um koji ima mudrost. Sedam glava sedam je planina na kojima žena sjedi. "

Upamtite, već smo saznali da je žena grad. Ovaj odlomak govori nam da se grad nalazi na sedam planina. Postoji grad na zemlji koji je poznat kao "Grad sedam brda". To je grad Rim.
No, je li Rim sjedište međunarodne sile koja vlada „narodima, mnoštvom, narodima i jezicima“?
Vatikan tvrdi da vlada više od milijardu rimokatolika diljem svijeta. Sjetite se, ovo proročanstvo je napisano mnogo prije postojanja Katoličke crkve i mnogo prije nego što je Rim postao njezino sjedište.

Trag #4. Odjevena je u ljubičastu i crvenu boju

Otkrivenje 17: 4 "I žena je bila odjevena u ljubičastu i grimiznu boju, ukrašena zlatom i dragim kamenjem i biserima, sa zlatnom čašom u ruci punom grozota i prljavštine njezina bluda:"

U Rimokatoličkoj crkvi postoje dva vladajuća tijela: Koledž kardinala i Kolegij biskupa i nadbiskupa. Ova dva tijela su nešto poput Senata i Zastupničkog doma ovdje u SAD -u.
Članak se pojavio u Kriterij, rimokatolička publikacija, 1. srpnja 1988. Članak je naslovljen „Više nego što želite znati o kardinalima“. U njemu se navodi: "Kardinali nose crvenu boju, dok ne-kardinalni biskupi i nadbiskupi nose ljubičastu boju."
Pa pregledajmo. Tajanstveni Babilon grad je koji se nalazi na sedam brežuljaka. Rim je u cijelom svijetu poznat kao "Grad sedam brda".
Tajanstveni Babilon je "sjediti" na narodima, mnoštvu, narodima i jezicima. " Rim je sjedište Rimokatoličke crkve koja tvrdi da ima milijardu članova diljem svijeta.
Otajstveni Babilon opisan je kao odjeven u ljubičastu i crvenu boju. Službene boje dvaju vladajućih tijela Rimske crkve su ljubičasta i crvena.
Treba razumjeti još jedan faktor. U Otkrivenje 17, Bog je odlučio upotrijebiti ženu - kurvu - za simbolizaciju Rimokatoličke crkve. Zašto?
Zaista je vrlo jednostavno. U Svetom pismu, Bog je uvijek koristio ženu da simbolizira crkvu. Koristio je djevicu da predstavlja svoju pravu crkvu (II Korinćanima 11: 2), a On je pomoću bludnice predstavljao lažnu crkvu - kao što je to činio u Otkrivenje 17-19.

Može se zaključiti samo jedan: Vatikan je misterijski Babilon Otkrivenja. I taj lažni vjerski sustav koji je prevario ljude svijeta bit će uništen u vrijeme Armagedona.


Babilonska i asirska demonologija

Vjera u demone i zle duhove prethodila je judeo-kršćanskoj teologiji. I drevna babilonska i asirska kultura imale su opsežnu klasifikaciju demona. Ovaj pregled babilonske i asirske demonologije objašnjava različite klase demona.

Gotovo sve kulture su u jednom trenutku povjerovale u dobre i zle duhove. Vjera datira iz babilonske i asirske religije, prije judaizma.

Općenito postoje dvije vrste zlih duhova:

  1. Otišao ljudski duh – Smatralo se da duhovi ljudi koji su umrli proganjaju žive. Ovi duhovi mogu biti prijateljski ili neprijateljski, ovisno o prirodi njihove smrti ili pokopa i o tome hoće li se vratiti progoniti prijatelje ili strance. U nekim slučajevima, duh prijatelja ili voljene osobe mogao bi postati neprijateljski raspoložen nakon smrti. Ili bi u nekim slučajevima mogli biti prijateljski nastrojeni i neprijateljski raspoloženi prema drugima – bez rime ili razloga za svoje postupke.
  2. Neljudski duhovi – Osim preminulih ljudskih duhova koji su mogli postati neprijateljski raspoloženi, mnoge su kulture vjerovale u duhove koji nikada nisu bili ljudi. Opet, oni su mogli biti prijateljski ili neprijateljski raspoloženi, a u mnogim kulturama poprimili su oblike životinja poput gmazova, zmija, antilopa, gazela, antropoida, krokodila, guštera, jastrebova i šakala. Primjeri su Apep, egipatska zmija-vrag i hebrejske zvijeri poput Levijatana i Behemota.

Demoni u Babilonu i Asiriji

Posuđeni Babilonci i Asirci imali su mnogo naziva za duhove, uključujući utukku (‘spirit), Alu (‘demon ’), Lilu (duh, ženske verzije uključuju Lilitu i Ardat Lili) i Gallu (‘devil ’ ). Vjerovali su da ima mnogo zlih duhova i rojili su se posvuda.

Prema Morrisu Jastrowu ’s Religion of Babylonia and Assyria (preuzmite besplatno na Project Gutenberg), ti su demoni vrebali na udaljenim ili skrivenim mjestima poput grobova, vrhova planina i u sjeni ruševina. Izlazili bi noću, ulazili u kuće kroz rupe i pukotine i mučili svoje žrtve. Oni su bili odgovorni za sve loše što se dogodilo od razornih vjetrova, zaraznih groznica i bolesti do glavobolje, sitnih svađa, mržnje i ljubomore.


Vatrena peć, Lavlje brlog i zidovi Babilona

When skeptics read about three certain Jews, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, being cast into a fiery furnace, they scoffed. Same thing when they read about Daniel being thrown into a den of lions.

But archaeologists working in the ruins of Babylon discovered an ancient library on clay tablets. Included on these tablets were the punishments for violations of various regulations.

For the offense of impiety to any god, one was to be cast alive into a fiery furnace, and huge furnaces have also been discovered. For an untoward act relative to a king, like failure to worship his image, one was to be cast alive into the den of lions. Cages with iron bars have also been found in the ruins and the diggings of Babylon.

Furthermore, when Babylon was at the height of its glory, Ezekiel prophesied that the great walls of Babylon would be utterly destroyed. These walls were 60 miles long and as thick as 150 feet and 300 feet high, where a number of chariots could race on the top of those walls.

Archaeologists were digging down in the ground and they ran into the base, the foundation of the walls because they were utterly destroyed, just as God said they would be. If you ever see a picture of Babylon, it looks like it has been cut off by a scythe. Once again, the critics are wrong the Bible is right.

Almighty God, as we consider what happened to Your people in ancient Babylon, we can&rsquot help but think of Your people today in various parts of the world facing persecution for the name of Jesus. Grant them strength, grace, and perseverance until the end&hellip


From Thematic Bible

Azariah » A captive » Returned from » Babylon

who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. The number of men of the people of Israel:

These came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum and Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:

Babylon » Predictions respecting » Restoration of the jews from

When the LORD will have compassion on Jacob and again choose Israel, and settle them in their own land, then strangers will join them and attach themselves to the house of Jacob. The peoples will take them along and bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will possess them as an inheritance in the land of the LORD as male servants and female servants and they will take their captors captive and will rule over their oppressors. And it will be in the day when the LORD gives you rest from your pain and turmoil and harsh service in which you have been enslaved, read more.
that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say, "How the oppressor has ceased, And how fury has ceased!

“It is I who says of Cyrus, ‘He is My shepherd!
And he will perform all My desire.’
And he declares of Jerusalem, ‘ She will be built,’
And of the temple, ‘ Your foundation will be laid.’”

Go forth from Babylon! Flee from the Chaldeans!
Declare with the sound of joyful shouting, proclaim this,
Send it out to the end of the earth
Say, “ The Lord has redeemed His servant Jacob.”

“For thus says the Lord , ‘When seventy years have been completed for Babylon, I will visit you and fulfill My good word to you, to bring you back to this place.

“In those days and at that time,” declares the Lord , “the sons of Israel will come, both they and the sons of Judah as well they will go along weeping as they go, and it will be the Lord their God they will seek.

Babylon » Predictions respecting » Conquests by

Then Jeremiah said to them, "You shall say to Zedekiah as follows: 'Thus says the LORD God of Israel, "Behold, I am about to turn back the weapons of war which are in your hands, with which you are warring against the king of Babylon and the Chaldeans who are besieging you outside the wall and I will gather them into the center of this city. "I Myself will war against you with an outstretched hand and a mighty arm, even in anger and wrath and great indignation. read more.
"I will also strike down the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast they will die of a great pestilence. "Then afterwards," declares the LORD, "I will give over Zedekiah king of Judah and his servants and the people, even those who survive in this city from the pestilence, the sword and the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their foes and into the hand of those who seek their lives and he will strike them down with the edge of the sword He will not spare them nor have pity nor compassion."' "You shall also say to this people, 'Thus says the LORD, "Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death. "He who dwells in this city will die by the sword and by famine and by pestilence but he who goes out and falls away to the Chaldeans who are besieging you will live, and he will have his own life as booty. "For I have set My face against this city for harm and not for good," declares the LORD "It will be given into the hand of the king of Babylon and he will burn it with fire."'

thus says the LORD to me--"Make for yourself bonds and yokes and put them on your neck, and send word to the king of Edom, to the king of Moab, to the king of the sons of Ammon, to the king of Tyre and to the king of Sidon by the messengers who come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah. "Command them to go to their masters, saying, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, thus you shall say to your masters, read more.
"I have made the earth, the men and the beasts which are on the face of the earth by My great power and by My outstretched arm, and I will give it to the one who is pleasing in My sight. "Now I have given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, My servant, and I have given him also the wild animals of the field to serve him.

Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated Thus says the LORD, "Arise, go up to Kedar And devastate the men of the east. "They will take away their tents and their flocks They will carry off for themselves Their tent curtains, all their goods and their camels, And they will call out to one another, 'Terror on every side!' "Run away, flee! Dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Hazor," declares the LORD "For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has formed a plan against you And devised a scheme against you. read more.
"Arise, go up against a nation which is at ease, Which lives securely," declares the LORD "It has no gates or bars They dwell alone. "Their camels will become plunder, And their many cattle for booty, And I will scatter to all the winds those who cut the corners of their hair And I will bring their disaster from every side," declares the LORD. "Hazor will become a haunt of jackals, A desolation forever No one will live there, Nor will a son of man reside in it."

"As for you, son of man, make two ways for the sword of the king of Babylon to come both of them will go out of one land. And make a signpost make it at the head of the way to the city. "You shall mark a way for the sword to come to Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, and to Judah into fortified Jerusalem. "For the king of Babylon stands at the parting of the way, at the head of the two ways, to use divination he shakes the arrows, he consults the household idols, he looks at the liver. read more.
"Into his right hand came the divination, 'Jerusalem,' to set battering rams, to open the mouth for slaughter, to lift up the voice with a battle cry, to set battering rams against the gates, to cast up ramps, to build a siege wall. "And it will be to them like a false divination in their eyes they have sworn solemn oaths But he brings iniquity to remembrance, that they may be seized. "Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD, 'Because you have made your iniquity to be remembered, in that your transgressions are uncovered, so that in all your deeds your sins appear--because you have come to remembrance, you will be seized with the hand. 'And you, O slain, wicked one, the prince of Israel, whose day has come, in the time of the punishment of the end,' thus says the Lord GOD, 'Remove the turban and take off the crown this will no longer be the same Exalt that which is low and abase that which is high. 'A ruin, a ruin, a ruin, I will make it This also will be no more until He comes whose right it is, and I will give it to Him.' "And you, son of man, prophesy and say, 'Thus says the Lord GOD concerning the sons of Ammon and concerning their reproach,' and say: 'A sword, a sword is drawn, polished for the slaughter, to cause it to consume, that it may be like lightning-- while they see for you false visions, while they divine lies for you--to place you on the necks of the wicked who are slain, whose day has come, in the time of the punishment of the end. 'Return it to its sheath In the place where you were created, in the land of your origin, I will judge you. 'I will pour out My indignation on you I will blow on you with the fire of My wrath, and I will give you into the hand of brutal men, skilled in destruction. 'You will be fuel for the fire your blood will be in the midst of the land You will not be remembered, for I, the LORD, have spoken.'"

"Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made his army labor hard against Tyre every head was made bald and every shoulder was rubbed bare. But he and his army had no wages from Tyre for the labor that he had performed against it." Therefore thus says the Lord GOD, "Behold, I will give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon And he will carry off her wealth and capture her spoil and seize her plunder and it will be wages for his army. "I have given him the land of Egypt for his labor which he performed, because they acted for Me," declares the Lord GOD.

Babylon » Predictions respecting » Destruction of

that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say, "How the oppressor has ceased, And how fury has ceased! "The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, The scepter of rulers Which used to strike the peoples in fury with unceasing strokes, Which subdued the nations in anger with unrestrained persecution. read more.
"The whole earth is at rest and is quiet They break forth into shouts of joy. "Even the cypress trees rejoice over you, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, 'Since you were laid low, no tree cutter comes up against us.' "Sheol from beneath is excited over you to meet you when you come It arouses for you the spirits of the dead, all the leaders of the earth It raises all the kings of the nations from their thrones. "They will all respond and say to you, 'Even you have been made weak as we, You have become like us. 'Your pomp and the music of your harps Have been brought down to Sheol Maggots are spread out as your bed beneath you And worms are your covering.' "How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, You who have weakened the nations! "But you said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven I will raise my throne above the stars of God, And I will sit on the mount of assembly In the recesses of the north. 'I will ascend above the heights of the clouds I will make myself like the Most High.' "Nevertheless you will be thrust down to Sheol, To the recesses of the pit. "Those who see you will gaze at you, They will ponder over you, saying, 'Is this the man who made the earth tremble, Who shook kingdoms, Who made the world like a wilderness And overthrew its cities, Who did not allow his prisoners to go home?' "All the kings of the nations lie in glory, Each in his own tomb. "But you have been cast out of your tomb Like a rejected branch, Clothed with the slain who are pierced with a sword, Who go down to the stones of the pit Like a trampled corpse. "You will not be united with them in burial, Because you have ruined your country, You have slain your people. May the offspring of evildoers not be mentioned forever. "Prepare for his sons a place of slaughter Because of the iniquity of their fathers. They must not arise and take possession of the earth And fill the face of the world with cities." "I will rise up against them," declares the LORD of hosts, "and will cut off from Babylon name and survivors, offspring and posterity," declares the LORD.

The oracle concerning the wilderness of the sea As windstorms in the Negev sweep on, It comes from the wilderness, from a terrifying land. A harsh vision has been shown to me The treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media I have made an end of all the groaning she has caused. For this reason my loins are full of anguish Pains have seized me like the pains of a woman in labor. I am so bewildered I cannot hear, so terrified I cannot see. read more.
My mind reels, horror overwhelms me The twilight I longed for has been turned for me into trembling. They set the table, they spread out the cloth, they eat, they drink "Rise up, captains, oil the shields," For thus the Lord says to me, "Go, station the lookout, let him report what he sees. "When he sees riders, horsemen in pairs, A train of donkeys, a train of camels, Let him pay close attention, very close attention." Then the lookout called, "O Lord, I stand continually by day on the watchtower, And I am stationed every night at my guard post. "Now behold, here comes a troop of riders, horsemen in pairs." And one said, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon And all the images of her gods are shattered on the ground." O my threshed people, and my afflicted of the threshing floor! What I have heard from the LORD of hosts, The God of Israel, I make known to you.

‘Then it will be when seventy years are completed I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation,’ declares the Lord , ‘for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans and I will make it an everlasting desolation.

Babylon » General references to

The beginning of his kingdom was Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

Now the bronze pillars which were in the house of the Lord , and the stands and the bronze sea which were in the house of the Lord , the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried the bronze to Babylon.

that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say,


“How the oppressor has ceased,
And how fury has ceased!

Suddenly Babylon has fallen and been broken
Wail over her!
Bring balm for her pain
Perhaps she may be healed.

Twelve months later he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon.

Babylon » The great

And another angel, a second one, followed, saying, “ Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, she who has made all the nations drink of the wine of the passion of her immorality.”

The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath.

and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “ BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “ Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird.

Babylon » Nebuchadnezzar king of » Took zedekiah, &c captive to babylon

They slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, then put out the eyes of Zedekiah and bound him with bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon.

Then the rest of the people who were left in the city and the deserters who had deserted to the king of Babylon and the rest of the people, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away into exile.

Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple. From the city he took one official who was overseer of the men of war, and five of the king's advisers who were found in the city and the scribe of the captain of the army who mustered the people of the land and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city. Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. read more.
Then the king of Babylon struck them down and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was led away into exile from its land.

Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia,

Babylon » Predictions respecting » Captivity of the jews by

"For thus says the LORD, 'Behold, I am going to make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends and while your eyes look on, they will fall by the sword of their enemies So I will give over all Judah to the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will carry them away as exiles to Babylon and will slay them with the sword. 'I will also give over all the wealth of this city, all its produce and all its costly things even all the treasures of the kings of Judah I will give over to the hand of their enemies, and they will plunder them, take them away and bring them to Babylon. 'And you, Pashhur, and all who live in your house will go into captivity and you will enter Babylon, and there you will die and there you will be buried, you and all your friends to whom you have falsely prophesied.'"

"Go up to Lebanon and cry out, And lift up your voice in Bashan Cry out also from Abarim, For all your lovers have been crushed. "I spoke to you in your prosperity But you said, 'I will not listen!' This has been your practice from your youth, That you have not obeyed My voice. "The wind will sweep away all your shepherds, And your lovers will go into captivity Then you will surely be ashamed and humiliated Because of all your wickedness. read more.
"You who dwell in Lebanon, Nested in the cedars, How you will groan when pangs come upon you, Pain like a woman in childbirth! "As I live," declares the LORD, "even though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were a signet ring on My right hand, yet I would pull you off and I will give you over into the hand of those who are seeking your life, yes, into the hand of those whom you dread, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and into the hand of the Chaldeans. "I will hurl you and your mother who bore you into another country where you were not born, and there you will die.

behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,' declares the LORD, 'and I will send to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land and against its inhabitants and against all these nations round about and I will utterly destroy them and make them a horror and a hissing, and an everlasting desolation. 'Moreover, I will take from them the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp. 'This whole land will be a desolation and a horror, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

“ Writhe and labor to give birth,
Daughter of Zion,
Like a woman in childbirth
For now you will go out of the city,
Dwell in the field,
And go to Babylon.
There you will be rescued
There the Lord will redeem you
From the hand of your enemies.

Babylon » As a power, was » Cruel and destructive

Who made the world like a wilderness
And overthrew its cities,
Who did not allow his prisoners to go home?’

“I was angry with My people,
I profaned My heritage
And gave them into your hand.
You did not show mercy to them,
On the aged you made your yoke very heavy.

“Behold, I am against you, O destroying mountain,
Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the Lord ,
“And I will stretch out My hand against you,
And roll you down from the crags,
And I will make you a burnt out mountain.

"For behold, I am raising up the Chaldeans, That fierce and impetuous people Who march throughout the earth To seize dwelling places which are not theirs. "They are dreaded and feared Their justice and authority originate with themselves.

Babylon » Empire of » Jews carried to

Therefore the Lord brought the commanders of the army of the king of Assyria against them, and they captured Manasseh with hooks, bound him with bronze chains and took him to Babylon.

So all Israel was enrolled by genealogies and behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel. And Judah was carried away into exile to Babylon for their unfaithfulness.

Therefore He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm He gave them all into his hand. All the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king and of his officers, he brought them all to Babylon. Then they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles. read more.
Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.

Now at that time the army of the king of Babylon was besieging Jerusalem, and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the guard, which was in the house of the king of Judah,

Babylon » Nebuchadnezzar king of » Spoiled and burned the temple

He burned the house of the Lord , the king’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem even every great house he burned with fire.

Now the bronze pillars which were in the house of the LORD, and the stands and the bronze sea which were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried the bronze to Babylon. They took away the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the spoons, and all the bronze vessels which were used in temple service. The captain of the guard also took away the firepans and the basins, what was fine gold and what was fine silver. read more.
The two pillars, the one sea, and the stands which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD--the bronze of all these vessels was beyond weight. The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and a bronze capital was on it the height of the capital was three cubits, with a network and pomegranates on the capital all around, all of bronze. And the second pillar was like these with network.

All the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king and of his officers, he brought them all to Babylon. Then they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles.

Babylon » Nebuchadnezzar king of » Took jehoiachin, &c captive to babylon

Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he and his mother and his servants and his captains and his officials. So the king of Babylon took him captive in the eighth year of his reign.

Then he led away into exile all Jerusalem and all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths None remained except the poorest people of the land. So he led Jehoiachin away into exile to Babylon also the king's mother and the king's wives and his officials and the leading men of the land, he led away into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon. All the men of valor, seven thousand, and the craftsmen and the smiths, one thousand, all strong and fit for war, and these the king of Babylon brought into exile to Babylon.

At the turn of the year King Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of the Lord , and he made his kinsman Zedekiah king over Judah and Jerusalem.

Babylon » Empire of » Prophetic denunciations against

O daughter of Babylon, you devastated one, How blessed will be the one who repays you With the recompense with which you have repaid us. How blessed will be the one who seizes and dashes your little ones Against the rock.

“Prepare for his sons a place of slaughter
Because of the iniquity of their fathers.
They must not arise and take possession of the earth
And fill the face of the world with cities.”

Thus says the LORD your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, "For your sake I have sent to Babylon, And will bring them all down as fugitives, Even the Chaldeans, into the ships in which they rejoice. "I am the LORD, your Holy One, The Creator of Israel, your King." Thus says the LORD, Who makes a way through the sea And a path through the mighty waters, read more.
Who brings forth the chariot and the horse, The army and the mighty man (They will lie down together and not rise again They have been quenched and extinguished like a wick):

Babylon » Empire of » Called land of shinar

The beginning of his kingdom was Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

And it came about in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim,

against Chedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of Goiim and Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five.

It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there.

Then it will happen on that day that the Lord
Will again recover the second time with His hand
The remnant of His people, who will remain,
From Assyria, Egypt, Pathros, Cush, Elam, Shinar, Hamath,
And from the islands of the sea.

Babylon » Empire of » Divisions

Then he left the land of the Chaldeans and settled in Haran. From there, after his father died, God had him move to this country in which you are now living.

The king of Assyria brought men from Babylon and from Cuthah and from Avva and from Hamath and Sepharvaim, and settled them in the cities of Samaria in place of the sons of Israel. So they possessed Samaria and lived in its cities.

The king of Egypt did not come out of his land again, for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates.

He has said, "You shall exult no more, O crushed virgin daughter of Sidon Arise, pass over to Cyprus even there you will find no rest." Behold, the land of the Chaldeans--this is the people which was not Assyria appointed it for desert creatures--they erected their siege towers, they stripped its palaces, they made it a ruin.

Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, the height of which was sixty cubits and its width six cubits he set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon.

Babylon » City of » Capital of the kingdom of babylon

Now the bronze pillars which were in the house of the Lord , and the stands and the bronze sea which were in the house of the Lord , the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried the bronze to Babylon.

Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia,

At the turn of the year King Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of the Lord , and he made his kinsman Zedekiah king over Judah and Jerusalem.

The king reflected and said, ‘Is this not Babylon the great, which I myself have built as a royal residence by the might of my power and for the glory of my majesty?’

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against him and bound him with bronze chains to take him to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar also brought some of the articles of the house of the LORD to Babylon and put them in his temple at Babylon.

Babylon » A type of antiChrist

The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath.

and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “ BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

Babylon » Restoration of the jews from

“Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The Lord , the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all His people, may the Lord his God be with him, and let him go up!’”

Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying: "Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, 'The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 'Whoever there is among you of all His people, may his God be with him! Let him go up to Jerusalem which is in Judah and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel He is the God who is in Jerusalem. read more.
'Every survivor, at whatever place he may live, let the men of that place support him with silver and gold, with goods and cattle, together with a freewill offering for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.'" Then the heads of fathers' households of Judah and Benjamin and the priests and the Levites arose, even everyone whose spirit God had stirred to go up and rebuild the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem. All those about them encouraged them with articles of silver, with gold, with goods, with cattle and with valuables, aside from all that was given as a freewill offering. Also King Cyrus brought out the articles of the house of the LORD, which Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem and put in the house of his gods and Cyrus, king of Persia, had them brought out by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and he counted them out to Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah. Now this was their number: 30 gold dishes, 1,000 silver dishes, 29 duplicates 30 gold bowls, 410 silver bowls of a second kind and 1,000 other articles. All the articles of gold and silver numbered 5,400. Sheshbazzar brought them all up with the exiles who went up from Babylon to Jerusalem. Now these are the people of the province who came up out of the captivity of the exiles whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon, and returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his city. These came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum and Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel: the sons of Parosh, 2,172 the sons of Shephatiah, 372 the sons of Arah, 775 the sons of Pahath-moab of the sons of Jeshua and Joab, 2,812 the sons of Elam, 1,254 the sons of Zattu, 945 the sons of Zaccai, 760 the sons of Bani, 642 the sons of Bebai, 623 the sons of Azgad, 1,222 the sons of Adonikam, 666 the sons of Bigvai, 2,056 the sons of Adin, 454 the sons of Ater of Hezekiah, 98 the sons of Bezai, 323 the sons of Jorah, 112 the sons of Hashum, 223 the sons of Gibbar, 95 the men of Bethlehem, 123 the men of Netophah, 56 the men of Anathoth, 128 the sons of Azmaveth, 42 the sons of Kiriath-arim, Chephirah and Beeroth, 743 the sons of Ramah and Geba, 621 the men of Michmas, 122 the men of Bethel and Ai, 223 the sons of Nebo, 52 the sons of Magbish, 156 the sons of the other Elam, 1,254 the sons of Harim, 320 the sons of Lod, Hadid and Ono, 725 the men of Jericho, 345 the sons of Senaah, 3,630. The priests: the sons of Jedaiah of the house of Jeshua, 973 the sons of Immer, 1,052 the sons of Pashhur, 1,247 the sons of Harim, 1,017. The Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the sons of Hodaviah, 74. The singers: the sons of Asaph, 128. The sons of the gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, the sons of Shobai, in all 139. The temple servants: the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth, the sons of Keros, the sons of Siaha, the sons of Padon, the sons of Lebanah, the sons of Hagabah, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hagab, the sons of Shalmai, the sons of Hanan, the sons of Giddel, the sons of Gahar, the sons of Reaiah, the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda, the sons of Gazzam, the sons of Uzza, the sons of Paseah, the sons of Besai, the sons of Asnah, the sons of Meunim, the sons of Nephisim, the sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Harhur, the sons of Bazluth, the sons of Mehida, the sons of Harsha, the sons of Barkos, the sons of Sisera, the sons of Temah, the sons of Neziah, the sons of Hatipha. The sons of Solomon's servants: the sons of Sotai, the sons of Hassophereth, the sons of Peruda, the sons of Jaalah, the sons of Darkon, the sons of Giddel, the sons of Shephatiah, the sons of Hattil, the sons of Pochereth-hazzebaim, the sons of Ami. All the temple servants and the sons of Solomon's servants were 392. Now these are those who came up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Cherub, Addan and Immer, but they were not able to give evidence of their fathers' households and their descendants, whether they were of Israel: the sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, the sons of Nekoda, 652. Of the sons of the priests: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Hakkoz, the sons of Barzillai, who took a wife from the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and he was called by their name. These searched among their ancestral registration, but they could not be located therefore they were considered unclean and excluded from the priesthood. The governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim. The whole assembly numbered 42,360, besides their male and female servants who numbered 7,337 and they had 200 singing men and women. Their horses were 736 their mules, 245 their camels, 435 their donkeys, 6,720.

Babylon » Predictions respecting » Perpetual desolation of

And Babylon, the beauty of kingdoms, the glory of the Chaldeans' pride, Will be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. It will never be inhabited or lived in from generation to generation Nor will the Arab pitch his tent there, Nor will shepherds make their flocks lie down there. But desert creatures will lie down there, And their houses will be full of owls Ostriches also will live there, and shaggy goats will frolic there. read more.
Hyenas will howl in their fortified towers And jackals in their luxurious palaces. Her fateful time also will soon come And her days will not be prolonged.

"I will rise up against them," declares the LORD of hosts, "and will cut off from Babylon name and survivors, offspring and posterity," declares the LORD. "I will also make it a possession for the hedgehog and swamps of water, and I will sweep it with the broom of destruction," declares the LORD of hosts.


Critical Thoughts



A "Striding Lion," from ancient Babylon. I spotted it a few weeks ago on a cold December day in Chicago and took its picture.

One of the many gems on permanent display at the Oriental Institute, the University of Chicago’s remarkable museum which displays well its large collection of objects from the ancient Near-East, particularly Mesopotamia, Assyria, Egypt, and Persia.

Per the museum: From Babylon. Molded and glazed brick. Neo-Babylonian Period, circa 604-562 B.C.

Excerpt from legend: This colorful striding lion, its mouth opened in a threatening roar, once decorated in ancient Babylon (the Biblical city of Babel) a side of the “Processional Way,” which led out of the city through a massive gate named for Ishtar, the Mesopotamian goddess of love and war whose symbol was the lion.

These structures were built by Nebuchadnezzar II of Hanging Gardens fame. The Enciklopedija Britannica informs me that the Processional Way was a stone- and brick-paved avenue which ran over half a mile, and that its sides were decorated with an estimated 120 brick lions. The Ishtar Gate itself was decorated with hundreds of dragons and bulls, and along with the Processional Way has been partially rebuilt in Berlin at the Pergamon Museum from excavated material. I saw a short video of the museum exhibit on a TV travel show a while back and it looked quite impressive. Wikipedia has a photo from the Pergamon as well as sketches of how the original structure must have appeared (link).

The aesthetics seem remarkably refined and developed for a society near the beginning of recorded civilization.