Ratovi profesora Porschea, Karl Ludvigsen

Ratovi profesora Porschea, Karl Ludvigsen



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Ratovi profesora Porschea, Karl Ludvigsen

Ratovi profesora Porschea, Karl Ludvigsen

Za većinu studenata vojne povijesti Ferdinand Porsche najpoznatiji je po dizajnu tenkova iz Drugoga svjetskog rata, a posebno neuspješnom Porsche Tigeru i ogromnom superteškom tenku Maus. Međutim, ovo je bio samo dio mnogo opsežnije karijere kao dizajnera vojne opreme, na što se ova biografija koncentrira.

Nisam zapravo znao mnogo o životu profesora Porschea, počevši od činjenice da je bio Austrijanac, a ne Nijemac. Također nisam bio potpuno svjestan njegova rada tijekom Prvog svjetskog rata, gdje je proizvodio avionske motore i topničke traktore za Austro-Ugarsko Carstvo.

Tijekom svoje karijere Porsche je proizveo impresivan asortiman vojnih proizvoda, ali je iznenađujuće mali udio njih zapravo ušao u veliku proizvodnju. Tijekom Drugog svjetskog rata jedini njegov proizvod koji se proizvodio u značajnim razmjerima bio je Kubelwagen sa sjedištem u Bubama, ali čak je i njegov masovno brojio američki rival, Jeep. Autor ističe istu stvar, uvelike braneći Porscheov ratni rekord, a možda je i sreća što je velik dio svog vremena potrošio na neuspješne projekte poput raznih Porscheovih tigrova ili Mausa.

Autor možda previše brani različite dizajne tenkova Porsche, koji su patili od ozbiljnih problema s pogonskim sklopom koje Porsche nije uspio prevladati, dok je kupolu ‘Porsche’ usvojenu na Tigru I zapravo dizajnirao Krupp. Inače je knjiga dobro uravnotežena, priznajući Porscheov prilično sumnjiv položaj u Trećem Reichu, njegovu bliskost s Hitlerom i oslanjanje na robovski rad u njegovim tvornicama, kao i izvrsnost mnogih njegovih dizajna.

Poglavlja
1 - Porsche se sastaje s vojskom
2 - Moć dvostrukog monarha
3 - Austrijski u zraku
4 - Kopneni vlakovi i pokretači maltera
5 - Unapređenje zrakoplovne moći
6 - Mercedes čini vojnikom
7 - Vojni tenkovi i dvanaestorica mornarice
8 - Susret Porschea i Hitlera
9 - Zadaće Trećeg Reicha
10 - Kubelwagen kreće cestom
11 - Remek djelo Schwimmwagen
12 - Leopardi u Nibelungu
13 - Sudbina Ferdinandova
14 - Svestranost i raznolikost
15 - Miš koji je rikao
16 - Cherrystone u proizvodnji
17 - Raspršivanje pod pritiskom
18 - Okupacija i rješavanje

Autor: Karl Ludvigsen
Izdanje: Meki uvez
Stranice: 296
Nakladnik: Pen & Sword Military
Godina: 2018



Karl E. Ludvigsen rođen je 24. travnja 1934. u Kalamazoou, Michigan. [1] [2] Bio je sin Elliota "Luda" Ludvigsena, inženjera i izvršnog direktora korporacije Eaton. [3]

Karl Ludvigsen živi u Engleskoj od 1980. godine i živi u Suffolku sa suprugom Annette.

Diplomirao je Cum Laude na Phillips Exeter akademiji, a pohađao je i Tehnološki institut u Massachusettsu, studij inženjerstva, te Institut Pratt gdje je završio industrijski dizajn. [1]

Vojna služba Edit

1958–59 služio je u Signalnom korpusu američke vojske u Zapadnoj Njemačkoj. [1]

Automobilska industrija Edit

Ludvigsen je 1956. radio kao dizajner u General Motorsu, Ludvigsen je planirao eksperimentalne prototipe s prednjim pogonom. Također je radio na projektiranju i razvoju prijenosnika teških kamiona u inženjerskim i eksperimentalnim odjelima Fuller Manufacturing, podružnice Eaton Corporation. Kao dužnosnik za odnose s javnošću pri General Motors Overseas Operations-u 1960-ih, Ludvigsen je bio odgovoran za sve informacije o proizvodima tvrtke izvan SAD-a. Nadzirao je i njezino financijsko oglašavanje u inozemstvu. Prije toga je pomagao tehničkom stožeru General Motorsa u odnosima s novinarima, s posebnim naglaskom na Styling Staff.

Kad je Ludvigsen bio predsjednik Formule 1 Enterprises, uvoznik i distributer opreme za motorna vozila, nekoliko njegovih prijatelja ozlijeđeno je u automobilskim nesrećama. To ga je dovelo do toga da su se on i njegova tvrtka krajem 1960 -ih aktivirali u sigurnosti utrka. Ludvigsen je pomogao u izumu praktičnog modernog sustava za gašenje požara na halonski plin za trkaća vozila i osnovao je Društvo za sigurnost motornih utrka okupiti profesionalce koji rade na ovom polju.

Krajem 1970 -ih Ludvigsen se pridružio Fiat Motors -u Sjeverne Amerike kao potpredsjednik korporativnih poslova, s odgovornostima uključujući pravne poslove i odnose s kupcima, trgovcima, vladama i tiskom. Sudjelovao je u razvoju proizvoda automobila Fiat i Lancia u SAD -u i Torinu. Njegov tim je stekao neviđenu svijest javnosti o proizvodima Fiat, Lancia i Ferrari u Sjedinjenim Državama i uspješno je lansirao paletu Fiat Strada.

Ludvigsen se 1980. pridružio Fordu Europe kao potpredsjednik. Jedan od njegovih podneska za Forda uključivao je vladine poslove. To je uključivalo europske vladine procjene i aktivnosti lobiranja, kao i pripremu i prezentaciju Fordove studije vanjskih čimbenika, desetogodišnje rotirajuće prognoze vanjskog okruženja u kojem će Ford poslovati u Europi.

Još jedna odgovornost Forda Europe za Ludvigsen bila je Fordova europska sportska aktivnost u Europi. To je uključivalo projektiranje, inženjering, izradu alata, proizvodnju, marketing, distribuciju i prodaju posebnih automobila, lakih kamiona i dijelova u cijeloj Europi. Bio je zadužen za dizajn i lansiranje pratnje RS1600i Escort Sportski automobil godine u Francuskoj i što je dovelo do toga da je Fordova operacija RS proizvodi zabilježila rentabilnost. Osim toga, Ludvigsen je odigrao ključnu ulogu u stvaranju prototipova sportskih automobila AC-Ghia i Barchetta.

Pisačka karijera Edit

Ludvigsen je počeo pisati i uređivati ​​automobile za MIT -ove Tech Engineering News 1953. [2] Bio je tehnički urednik Auto doba i Ilustrirani sportski automobili, urednik istočne obale Motor Trend i urednik časopisa Auto i vozač. [1] [2] [4]

Kao autor, koautor ili urednik Ludvigsen ima u zasluzi oko četiri desetine knjiga. Četiri Ludvigsenove knjige odnose se na Chevrolet Corvette, jednu od njih koja je zaslužna za izazivanje hobija Corvette. Tri je puta pisao o Mercedes-Benzu, dvaput o njegovim trkaćim automobilima. Njegove knjige o posljednjoj temi osvojile su nagradu Trofej Montagu (jednom) i Nagrada Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot (dva puta), [bilješka 1] oboje prepoznajući izvanrednu povijest o automobilskoj povijesti. Godine 2001. ponovno je dobio nagradu Cugnot od Društva povjesničara automobila (SAH) za svoju knjigu o prvim godinama Volkswagena, Bitka za Bubu. Godine 2002. proglašen je Prijateljem automobilske povijesti od strane SAH -a, najviše nagrade Društva.

Ludvigsen se od 1997. godine oslanja na fotografske izvore knjižnice Ludvigsen kako bi napisao i ilustrirao knjige o velikim trkačkim vozačima. Njegov prvi naslov u ovoj seriji bio je Stirling Moss: Utrke s Maestrom. Slijedio je ovo s Jackie Stewart: Trostruko okrunjeni kralj brzine i Juan Manuel Fangio: Veliki majstor automobilskih utrka. Četvrti u ovoj seriji za Haynes Publishing bio je Dan Gurney: The Ultimate Racer a peti je bio Alberto Ascari: Ferrarijev prvi dvostruki prvak. [6] Šesti i sedmi u nizu su Bruce McLaren - Život i naslijeđe izvrsnosti i Emerson Fittipaldi - Srce trkača.

Također na području moto sporta, Karl Ludvigsen je pisao o automobilima iz serije Can-Am, trkaćim automobilima AAR Eagle, Ford GT40 i Glavni pokretači, priča o britanskom Ilmor Engineeringu. Njegov uvod u Brzinom, knjiga trkaće fotografije Jessea Alexandera, osvojila je nagradu Ken W. Purdy za izvrsnost u automobilskom novinarstvu. Ostali nazivi moto sportova uključuju Klasični Grand Prix automobili, povijest prednjeg motora G.P. automobil, i Klasični trkaći motori, Ludvigsenov osobni odabir od 50 značajnih pogonskih jedinica.

Karl Ludvigsen autor je konačne povijesti Porschea i Opela. Njegova povijest Porschea, Očekivala se izvrsnost, smatra se modelom istraživanja i pisanja povijesti jedne automobilske tvrtke. Ažurirano izdanje objavljeno je u tri sveska izdavača Bentley Publishers 2003. Godine 1997. Ludvigsen je istraživao i napisao katalog za posebnu izložbu Ferrarijevih tehnoloških inovacija u povodu 50. obljetnice tvrtke te je dao veliki dio službenoj 50-godišnjici tvrtke. godine povijesti. Ažurirao je i proširio ovo djelo za 60. obljetnicu Ferrarija 2007. Autor je niza monografija o sjajnim automobilima Maserati.

U suradnji s izdavačem Iconografixom, Ludvigsen je uspostavio niz fotografskih knjiga koje sada broje oko devetnaest naslova, uključujući knjige o Indy trkaćim automobilima s prvog natjecanja Speedwaya 1911. do 1970-ih, Indy Novis, Chevroletov Corvair i Corvette, Mercedes -Benz 300SL iz 1952. i 1954. – 64., Porsche Spyders i Porsche 917, tvornica Ferrari, trkaći automobili Can-Am, sportski trkači automobila Briggs Cunningham i automobila Chaparral Jima Halla. Još naslova je u pripremi.

O temama automobilske industrije Karl Ludvigsen je napisao knjige o motorima visokih performansi, rotacijskom motoru Wankel i povijesti američkih proizvođača automobila. Bio je urednik časopisa Budućnost automobila, izvješće MIT -a o istraživanju svjetske automobilske industrije 1981–84. Ovo je Business Week proglašeno jednom od najboljih poslovnih knjiga godine. Osamdesetih je osnovao Euromotor Reports Limited, za koji je napisao i uredio brojne istraživačke studije.

Zbirke Uređivanje

Ludvigsen je tijekom svoje karijere prikupljao svoju istoimenu knjižnicu, a ona sada sadrži opsežne izvorne negative i prozirnice od 1950 -ih naprijed s posebnim prednostima u automobilskim sportovima, američkim automobilima i sportskim automobilima. [2] Također sadrži originalne fotografije i negative stakla s početka automobilske ere.

Savjetovanje i kasnije karijera Edit

1996. izdavači u Velikoj Britaniji i Sjedinjenim Državama pokrenuli su knjigu Karla Ludvigsena o upravljanju motornom industrijom, Stvaranje automobilske tvrtke prema korisniku. Savjetuje djelatnike u industriji o najboljoj praksi zadovoljnoj klijentima istraženoj tijekom 15 godina, dok je vodio konzultantsko društvo za upravljanje motornom industrijom sa sjedištem u Londonu, koje je osnovao 1983. Ludvigsen i njegov tim radili su za većinu vodećih svjetskih proizvođača motora u strateškom planiranju , jačanje robne marke, distribucija, struktura i organizacija poduzeća, spajanja i akvizicije, te o pitanjima dizajna i inženjeringa.

Od 1980. do 1984. Ludvigsen je bio član Foruma o politici MIT -a Budućnost programa za automobile, najopsežnije trilateralno istraživanje automobilske industrije ikad poduzeto. Također je predsjedavao Auto & amp Transport Forum foruma, međunarodna konferencija o dizajnu i transportnoj infrastrukturi održana u Luganu u Švicarskoj i Stuttgartu u Njemačkoj. Njegove odgovornosti za podučavanje uključivale su Sveučilište u Syracuseu, Kraljevski koledž umjetnosti i Bavarsku akademiju za oglašavanje.

Ludvigsen je član Društva automobilskih inženjera (SAE) od 1960. godine i bio je aktivan u Odborima za standarde i aktivnosti SAE -a. [2] Trenutno je član Povijesnog odbora. Član je osnivača Međunarodnog udruženja motornih novina i član Društva povjesničara automobila, Društva autora, Društva za povijest tehnologije i Ceha pisaca automobila. Ludvigsen je počasni član Američkog kluba starih sportskih automobila i Američkog društva Corvair. [2] Također je član vijeća Historic Automobile Group.


Profesori Porsche 's Wars - Tajni život legendarnog inženjera Ferdinanda Porschea

Smatra se jednim od velikih automobilskih inženjera u dvadesetom stoljeću, Ferdinand Porsche danas je dobro zapamćen po izvanrednom automobilskom dizajnu, uključujući automobile Volkswagen Beetle i Auto Union Grand Prix. Ipak, postoji i druga strana njegove izvanredne karijere, jer je bio jednako inventivan dizajner vojnih vozila i strojeva. I na ovom polju briljirao je. Zaista je svestranost njegova doprinosa zapanjujuća. Studija Karla Ludvigsena konačan je vodič.

Porscheov vojni rad obuhvaćao je prvu polovicu dvadesetog stoljeća, od ranih 1900 -ih pa sve do Prvog svjetskog rata, dok je bio upravitelj Austro Daimlera, te 1920 -ih i 1930 -ih kada je bio duboko uključen u projekte vojnog inženjeringa za Mercedes -Benz i drugi. Tijekom Drugog svjetskog rata bio je jedan od ključnih dizajnera kojima se obratio Adolf Hitler kada je tražio odlučujuću prednost na bojnom polju.

Karl Ludvigsen priča cijelu priču, detaljno opisujući Porscheove odnose s Trećim Reichom i niz naprednih dizajna za koje je bio odgovoran. Među njima su bili Kiibelwagen, Schwimmwagen, tenk Type 100 Leopard, kontroverzni razarač tenkova Ferdinand i kolosalni tenk Type 205 Maus. On također opisuje Porscheov kreativni rad na zračnim motorima, tenkovskim motorima, pa čak i njegovu proizvodnju leteće bombe V-1, za koju je dizajnirao turboreaktivni motor.
Luclvigsenov izvještaj potvrđuje prevlast Ferdinanda Porschea kao briljantnog i plodnog inženjera, jednog od najistaknutijih u svojoj generaciji.

O autoru:

KARL LUDVIGSEN svjetski je poznati i nagrađivani povjesničar i autor s preko pedeset knjiga zaslužnih za to. Detaljno je proučavao automobile i povijesti Volkswagena, Corvette, Porschea i Mercedes-Benza, kao i karijere vodećih vozača i dizajnera Grand Prixa. Bivši potpredsjednik Forda Europe, Ludvigsen je doživotno bio zainteresiran za inženjering i vojnu povijest. Među njegovim najistaknutijim publikacijama su Porsche: Očekivana izvrsnost, Bitka za Bubu i Cohn Chapman: Unutar inovatora.


Corvette: Američki sportski automobil sa zvijezdama: Potpuna povijest, (knjiga o tromjesečnoj biblioteci iz serije Automobile)

Ludvigsen, Karl E

Nakladnik Automobile Quarterly Publications [distribuirao Dutton, 1973

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Pen & amp Sword, str.272, 30 kn, ISBN: 9781783030194

Agresivni karakter slavnog njemačkog sportskog automobila, u nekoj vrsti simpatične magije, često se prenosi na vlasnike vozače. Šala glasi: ‘Kad uđete u Porsche, osjećate da želite napasti Poljsku.’ U ovoj fascinantnoj i pomno istraženoj knjizi, Karl Ludvigsen istražuje genetsku spiralu koja je Porscheovim automobilima dala karakter naoružanja.

Svi njemački proizvođači bili su prisiljeni isporučiti Treći Reich. Olimpijske igre u Londonu koje sponzorira BMW održane su na mjestu opustošenom zrakoplovima Luftwaffea pogonjenim njegovim motorima. No, odnos između profesora dr. Ferdinanda Porschea i Hitlera, entuzijasta u automobilskim trkama, bio je sve širi i dublji: inženjer je svoju stručnost u dizajnu stavio isključivo u Führerovu službu, iako tek nakon što je odbio ponudu Staljina da postane automobil Sovjetskog Saveza car'.

Porsche, tehnički ono što bismo danas nazvali Češkim, bio je izvanredan predstavnik austro-njemačke tradicije inženjeringa. Dok su veliki britanski dizajneri-inženjeri bili idiosinkratični autsajderi, Porsche je bio u središtu ogromnog i discipliniranog kalifata industrijskih saveza. Radio je različito za Daimler, Steyr i Mercedes-Benz. Njegov tehnički genij bio je značajan: njegov prvi automobil, dizajniran za Lohnera, imao je elektromotore integrirane u kotače, rješenje koje bi danas bilo izvanredno. Ali to je bilo 1906.

Njegov prvi susret s Hitlerom bio je 1926. godine, kada se mladi Adolf predstavio na Velikoj nagradi Njemačke, utrci u kojoj je pobijedio Mercedes-Benz dizajniran od Porschea. Svečani sastanak održan je sedam godina kasnije. Hitler je, da ne kažem bolje, uživao tehnokratsku simboliku i u dr. Porscheu vidio njezin bogati izvor. Porsche je postao član nacističke stranke 1937., no čini se da je to više profesionalni oportunizam nego političko uvjerenje. Ipak, uzvratio je Hitlerovom komplimentu dizajnirajući zadivljujuće automobile Grand Prix Auto-Union. U isto vrijeme, kako bi motorizirao Volk, stvorio je Kraft-durch-Freude-Wagenili "Automobil kroz snagu kroz radost". Sada to znamo kao Volkswagen.

Volkswagen je rodio Kubelwagen (žlica) sličan džipu Wehrmachta i amfibijski Schwimmwagen (plivački automobil). Porscheov ured projektirao je i tenkove Panzer. Ludvigsen ima čudesne fotografije drugog Hitlerova obrazovanog druga, Alberta Speera, koji je testno vozio Panzer, dok dr. Porsche mrko visi. Istodobno, tvornica Volkswagen proizvela je leteću bombu koju je Goebbels žigosao
Vergeltungswaffe-Ein (‘Osvetničko oružje jedno’). Londončani su zvali V-1
doodlebug.

Ako Ludvigsenova lijepa knjiga ima greške, onda se premalo čini o osobnom odnosu Hitlera i Porschea, iako se zapravo ne zna mnogo. Poput Speera, sofisticiranog arhitekta, Porsche je za svoju inženjersku profesiju tvrdio da je moralne neutralnosti: samo je radio svoj posao. Bio je 14 godina Hitlerov stariji, a Führer se prema njemu odnosio s rijetkim poštovanjem, na granici s idolopoklonstvom. Porscheov vlastiti sin, Ferry, čovjek odgovoran za moderne sportske automobile, rekao je: 'Moj otac je bio Hitlerov otac.' Nitko još nije tvrdio da je priznao marku.

Na kraju Drugoga svjetskog rata, Porsche su saveznici nakratko zatvorili, ali su ga na vrijeme pustili da nadgleda sinovljevo lansiranje sportskog automobila 356 ispred planinarskog doma u Gmündu na Koruškom. Ovo je bio prvi automobil s obiteljskim imenom i (budući da se tvrtka nikada nije trudila javno objaviti Porscheove vojne angažmane, koji su prestali tek 1981.), temelj trenutne popularne reputacije proizvođača. Sudeći po starom
fotografije, dr. Porsche izgleda pomalo sjetno. Možda se delikatan i lijep sportski automobil činio neozbiljnim nakon toliko grmljavih tenkova i zviždanja letećih bombi.

Porscheov uspjeh je senzacionalan. Sada zarađuje više od svog Volkswagenovog roditelja. Moj ured je u blizini salona na Berkeley Squareu. Uvijek sam izgubljen u divljenju pri pogledu na ove fine automobile. Postoji estetska jasnoća i svrhovitost koja je duboko privlačna. Možda nisu lijepe, ali su vizualno fascinantne i zahtijevaju intelektualno poštovanje. Baš poput oružja.


Emerson Fittipaldi Srce trkača

Ludvigsen, Karl

Izdaje Haynes Publishing (2003.)

O ovoj stavci: Utroba/Vrlo dobro: Buch bzw. Schutzumschlag mit wenigen Gebrauchsspuren an Einband, Schutzumschlag oder Seiten. / Opisuje knjigu ili jaknu za prašinu koja pokazuje neke znakove trošenja na uvezu, zaštitnoj jakni ili stranicama. Popis prodavatelja # M0185960837X-V


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Slike veće od 45 x 30 cm putem Royal Mail -a (maks. Okvir)

Ukrašeni okviri za slike za koje smatramo da su krhke prirode.

Predmeti težine preko 10 kg (uključujući pakiranje) - UK

Predmeti težine preko 2 kg (uključujući pakiranje) - Međunarodni

ODGOVORNOST ZA GUBITAK I ŠTETU:

Dostava na adresu u Velikoj Britaniji

Naša odgovornost ograničena je na najviše 500 GBP po paketu.

Dostava na adresu u Europi

Naša odgovornost ograničena je na najviše 250 £ po pošiljci.

Dostava na adresu izvan Velike Britanije i Europe

Naša odgovornost ograničena je na najviše 250 £ po pošiljci.

Gore navedene granice odgovornosti strogo se primjenjuju. Svaki gubitak koji nastane izvan navedenih granica ostaje na vama.

Uvijek nastojimo odgovoriti što je brže moguće, ali imajte na umu da tijekom naših napornih Tjedna prodaje likovnih umjetnosti može proći i do tjedan dana da se pozabavimo zahtjevima i molimo vas za strpljenje. Ako vam prije treba nešto ili za veće isporuke u inozemstvo, možemo vam predložiti da se obratite jednom od sljedećih prijevoznika:

Telefon: +44 (0) 1823 322263

Chudley International (samo međunarodno)

Telefon: +44 (0) 1460 55655

Faks: +44 (0) 1460 55770

Telefon: +44 (0) 1985 844144

Faks: +44 (0) 01985 844113

Uvjeti i odredbe

INFORMACIJE ZA KUPCE NA AUKCIJAMA

1. Uvod. Sljedeće napomene imaju za cilj pomoći ponuditeljima i kupcima, osobito onima koji nemaju iskustva ili su tek počeli prodavati. Sve naše aukcije podliježu našim Uvjetima poslovanja koji uključuju Uvjete pošiljke (prvenstveno primjenjive na prodavatelje), Uvjete prodaje (prvenstveno primjenjive na ponuditelje i kupce) i sva obavještenja koja su izložena u našim prodajnim prostorijama ili ih je aukcionar objavio aukciji. Naši Uvjeti poslovanja dostupni su za pregled u našim prodajnim prostorijama, a Uvjeti prodaje tiskani su na poleđini kataloga aukcija. Naše osoblje rado će vam pomoći ako u našim Uvjetima poslovanja postoji nešto što ne razumijete u potpunosti.

Prije nego licitirate na dražbi, pažljivo pročitajte naše Uvjete prodaje na našoj web stranici. Ako vaša ponuda bude uspješna, bit ćete dužni pridržavati se naših Uvjeta prodaje.

2. Agencija. Kao aukcionari obično djelujemo u ime prodavatelja čiji identitet, zbog povjerljivosti, obično nije otkriven. Ako kupujete na dražbi, vaš ugovor o robi je s prodavateljem, a ne s nama kao aukcionarom.

3. Procjene. Procjene su osmišljene kako bi vam pomogle da procijenite kakav bi iznos mogao biti uključen u kupnju određene parcele. Procjene se mogu promijeniti i ne treba ih smatrati prodajnom cijenom. Niža procjena može predstavljati pričuvnu cijenu (minimalnu cijenu za koju se lot može prodati) i neće biti ispod rezervne cijene. Procjene ne uključuju premiju kupca ili PDV (tamo gdje se naplaćuje). Procjene se pripremaju neko vrijeme prije aukcije i mogu se promijeniti obaviješću prodajnog prostora ili najavom aukcionara prije dražbe lota. Oni nisu konačni.

4. Kupčeva premija. Uvjeti prodaje obvezuju vas da platite premiju kupca u iznosu od 30% (25% plus PDV) na cijenu udarca svakog lota kupljenog u našoj prodaji (i našu opću i katalogiziranu prodaju), s izuzetkom knjiga i neoznačenih karata na kojima ne plaća se PDV.

5. PDV. Artikli u našem katalogu mogu se označavati na sljedeće načine:

a. (*) označava da kupac plaća PDV na cijenu čekića, kao i da je element u premiji kupca. PDV će se obračunavati po standardnoj stopi (trenutno 20%). Ovo nametanje PDV -a vjerojatno će biti posljedica toga što je prodavatelj registriran za PDV u Europskoj uniji i ne koristi shemu trgovačke marže ili zato što je PDV dužan platiti 20% pri uvozu u UK.

b. (**) označava da je serija uvezena izvan Europske unije. [Ovi lotovi podliježu sniženoj stopi PDV -a (5%) na cijenu čekića i premiju kupca)].

c. Za parcele koje nemaju niti jedan od gornjih simbola ne plaća se PDV na cijenu čekića. To je zato što se takvi lotovi prodaju pomoću sheme marže aukcionara. PDV uključen u premiju ne može se povratiti kao pretporez.

6. Pregled robe od strane kupca. Kako djelujemo u ime prodavatelja, ovisimo o podacima koje prodavatelj daje o svojoj robi. Možemo pregledati parcele i razumno ćemo postupati uzimajući općenito mišljenje o njima. Međutim, obično ne možemo provesti detaljna ispitivanja parcela kako bismo provjerili njihovo stanje na način na koji bi to učinio kupac. Imat ćete dovoljno mogućnosti pregleda robe. Morate pregledati i istražiti parcele za koje biste mogli željeti dati ponudu. Pažljivo imajte na umu isključenje odgovornosti za stanje parcela navedeno u Uvjetima prodaje u točki 12.4.

7. Električna roba. Prodaju se kao "antikviteti" i samo za prikupljanje i izlaganje. Ako kupujete električnu robu za uporabu, morate zatražiti od kvalificiranog električara da provjeri usklađenost sa sigurnošću

propisima prije nego ih upotrijebite.

8. Izvoz robe. Ako namjeravate izvoziti robu, morate saznati:

a. je li potrebna izvozna dozvola i

b. ako postoji zabrana uvoza robe tog karaktera npr. jer roba sadrži zabranjene materijale poput slonovače.

9. Licitiranje. Ponuditelji će se morati registrirati kod nas prije početka aukcije. Zadržavamo pravo postaviti rok prije aukcije do kojeg se morate registrirati ili do kojeg moramo primiti ponudu za proviziju. Ako želite licitirati za lotove velike vrijednosti, ovaj rok može proći nekoliko dana prije aukcije kako bi nam se omogućilo dovoljno vremena za provođenje potrebnih provjera. Mnogo će se fakturirati na

ime i adresa na obrascu za registraciju. Morat ćete nam dostaviti dokaz o svom identitetu u prihvatljivom nama obliku i druge podatke koje možemo zahtijevati. Molimo da se unaprijed raspitate o

naše aranžmane za telefonsko ili internetsko nadmetanje. Imajte na umu da vas možemo odbiti registrirati ako nam ne dostavite sve podatke i dokumentaciju koje tražimo ili prema vlastitom nahođenju.

10. Financijske provjere. Kao aukcionari možda ćemo morati provoditi različite provjere naših kupaca u skladu s Pravilnicima o pranju novca, financiranju terorizma i prijenosu sredstava (Podaci o uplatiteljima) iz 2017. i srodnim zakonima. Osim ako ne potvrdimo da već imamo te podatke, prilikom registracije od vas će se tražiti da navedete sljedeće:

a. Za pojedince službena identifikacijska fotografija (vozačka dozvola, putovnica ili ekvivalent) i dokaz o adresi (ako to nije uključeno u vaš osobni dokument)

b. Za pravne osobe potvrda o osnivanju (ili ekvivalent) s vašim službenim imenom, registriranim brojem (ako ga ima) i registriranom adresom, kao i pojedinosti i identifikacijska dokumentacija za direktore i stvarne vlasnike entiteta

c. Za zaklade i imanja, pojedinosti i identifikacijsku dokumentaciju za izvršitelje/povjerenike i pojedinosti korisnika kontaktirajte nas za dodatne informacije.

Možda ćemo od vas zatražiti dodatne informacije ako smatramo da je to potrebno. Ako licitirate za drugu osobu (svog „ravnatelja“), od vas će se tražiti da date gore navedene podatke za sebe i svog ravnatelja, zajedno s potpisanim dopisom od vašeg ravnatelja kojim vas ovlašćujete da licitirate.

Dodatne informacije o zahtjevima za identifikaciju dostupne su na 01460 73041 ili na [email protected] Ako smatramo da nam niste dali dovoljno podataka za dovršetak provjera borbe protiv pranja novca i financiranja terorizma, možemo vas odbiti registrirati za licitiranje i možemo odgoditi završetak ili otkazati bilo koji ugovor koji ste sklopili Prodavatelj u slučaju da ste dali uspješnu ponudu.

11. Komisijsko nadmetanje. Možete nam ostaviti ponude za proviziju s naznakom maksimalnog iznosa za ponudu u odnosu na lot (isključujući premiju kupaca i/ili bilo koji primjenjivi PDV). Izvršit ćemo ponude za provizije što je moguće jeftinije uzimajući u obzir rezerve (ako ih ima) i konkurentne ponude. Ako dva kupca podnesu identične ponude za proviziju, možda ćemo preferirati prvu primljenu ponudu (ako se to može razumno utvrditi). Molimo da se unaprijed raspitate o našim aranžmanima za ostavljanje ponuda za proviziju putem telefona ili faksa/e -pošte ili putem naše web stranice ili internetske platforme za nadmetanje.

12. Načini plaćanja. Obično je potrebno očistiti sve čekove prije nego što robu odnesete. Molimo vas da prije prodaje razgovarate s našim uredom ako namjeravate koristiti druge načine plaćanja

(imajte na umu da prema propisima EU postoji gornja granica od 10.000 eura u gotovini koja se može prihvatiti).

13. Prikupljanje i skladištenje. Imajte na umu što Uvjeti prodaje govore o prikupljanju i skladištenju. Važno je da robu plaćate i preuzimate odmah. Svako kašnjenje može uključivati ​​plaćanje pristojbe za pohranu

UVJETI PRODAJE

I prodaja robe na aukcijama i vaš odnos s nama uređeni su Uvjetima pošiljke (prvenstveno primjenjivim na prodavatelje), Uvjetima prodaje (prvenstveno primjenjivim na ponuditelje i kupce) i svim obavijestima prikazanim u prodajnom prostoru ili koje smo najavili na aukciji (zajedno „Uvjeti poslovanja“). Uvjeti isporuke i Uvjeti prodaje dostupni su u našem prodajnom prostoru na zahtjev.

Pažljivo pročitajte ove Uvjete prodaje. Imajte na umu da ako se registrirate za licitiranje i/ili licitirate na aukciji, to znači da pristajete i da ćete se pridržavati ovih Uvjeta prodaje. Imajte na umu da se ovi Uvjeti prodaje odnose samo na aukcije koje se održavaju u našim prostorijama. Imamo posebne uvjete za aukcije samo na mreži.

1 Definicije i tumačenje

1.1 Kako bismo olakšali čitanje ovih Uvjeta prodaje, ovim smo riječima dali posebno značenje:

“Aukcionar” znači Lawrence Fine Art Auctioneers Ltd tvrtka registrirana u Engleskoj i Walesu s registarskim brojem 02734034 i čije je sjedište smješteno u Goodwood Houseu, Blackbrook Park Avenue, Taunton, Somerset, TA1 2PX ili njegov ovlašteni aukcionar, prema potrebi

"Ponuđač" znači osoba koja sudjeluje u nadmetanju na aukciji

"Kupac" znači osoba koja daje najveću ponudu za lot prihvaćen od aukcionara

"Namerno krivotvorenje" sredstva:

(a) imitacija napravljena s namjerom zavaravanja u pogledu autorstva, podrijetla, datuma, dobi, razdoblja, kulture ili izvora

(b) koji je u katalogu opisan kao djelo određenog stvaraoca bez kvalifikacija i

(c) koje su na datum dražbe imale vrijednost znatno manju od one koju bi imale da je opisana

“Cijena čekića” znači razinu najviše ponude za lot

"Lot (i)" označava robu koju nudimo na prodaju na aukcijama

"Propisi o pranju novca"

means the Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds (Information on the Payer) Regulations 2017 as amended

“Premium” means the premium that we will charge you on your purchase of a Lot to be calculated as set out in Clause 4

“Reserve” means the minimum hammer price at which a Lot may be sold

“Sale Proceeds” means the net amount due to the Seller

“Seller” means the persons who consign Lots for sale at our auctions

“Terms of Consignment” means the terms on which we agree to offer Lots for sale in our auctions as agent on behalf of Sellers

“Terms of Sale” means these terms of sale, as amended or updated from time to time

“Total Amount Due”

means the Hammer Price for a Lot, the Premium, any applicable artist’s resale right royalty, any VAT due and any additional charges payable by a defaulting buyer under these Terms of Sale

“Trader” means a Seller who is acting for purposes relating to that Seller’s trade, business, craft

or profession, whether acting personally or through another person acting in the trader’s name or on the trader’s behalf

“VAT” means Value Added Tax or any equivalent sales tax and

“Website” means our website available at www.lawrences.co.uk

In these Terms of Sale the words ‘you’, ‘yours’, etc. refer to you as the Buyer. The words “we”, “us”, etc. refer to the Auctioneer. Any reference to a ‘Clause’ is to a clause of these Terms of Sale unless stated otherwise.

2 Information that we are required to give to Consumers

2.1 A description of the main characteristics of each Lot as contained in the auction catalogue.

2.2 Our name, address and contact details as set out herein, in our auction catalogues and/or on our Website.

2.3 The price of the Goods and arrangements for payment as described in Clauses 4, 5, 7 and 8.

2.4 The arrangements for collection of the Goods as set out in Clauses 8 and 9.

2.5 Your right to return a Lot and receive a refund if the Lot is a Deliberate Forgery as set out in Clause 13.

2.6 We and Trader Sellers have a legal duty to supply any Lots to you in accordance with these Terms of Sale.

2.7 If you have any complaints, please send them to us directly at the address set out on our Website.

2.8 We also refer you to your warranties as a Bidder and Buyer as set out in clause 6.

3 Bidding procedures and the Buyer

3.1 You must register your details with us before bidding and provide us with any requested proof of identity and billing information, in a form acceptable to us (Paragraph [10] of the Information for Buyers in the Sale Catalogue refers). You must also satisfy any security arrangements we have in place before entering the auction room to view or bid.

3.2 We strongly recommend that you attend the auction in person if possible. You are responsible for your decision to bid for a particular Lot. If you bid on a Lot, including by telephone and online bidding,

or by placing a commission bid, we assume that you have carefully inspected the Lot and satisfied yourself regarding its condition.

3.3 If you instruct us in writing, we may execute commission bids on your behalf. Neither we nor our employees or agents will be responsible for any failure to execute your commission bid, unless our failure to do so is unreasonable. Where two or more commission bids at the same level are recorded we have the right to prefer the first bid made (where this can be reasonably ascertained).

3.4 The Bidder placing the highest bid for a Lot accepted by the Auctioneer will be the Buyer at the Hammer Price. Any dispute about a bid will be settled at our discretion. We may reoffer the Lot during

the auction or may settle the dispute in another way. We will act reasonably when deciding how to settle the dispute.

3.5 Bidders will be deemed to act as principals, even if the Bidder is acting as an agent for a third party.

3.6 We may bid on Lots on behalf of the Seller up to one bid below the Reserve.

3.7 We may refuse to accept any bid if it is reasonable for us to do so.

3.8 Bidding increments will be at our sole discretion (but will be in line with standard auction practice).

3.9 Important information for bidding live on the-saleroom.com Bidders are strongly advised not to rely solely on the webcast audio to place live bids as both the audio and video can lag behind the sale by a

varying degree. Please place live bids only by the textual information displayed on the bidding window which will accurately reflect the current state of bidding.

4 The purchase price

b. a buyer’s premium at 30% (25% plus VAT) on the hammer price of each lot purchased in our sales (both our General and Catalogued Sales), with the exception of Books and unframed maps on which no VAT is payable

c. any artist’s resale right royalty payable on the sale of the Lot and

5.1 You shall be liable for the payment of any VAT applicable on the Hammer Price and premium due for a Lot. Please see the symbols used in the auction catalogue for that Lot and the “Information for Buyers” in our auction catalogue for further information.

5.2 We will charge VAT at the current rate at the date of the auction.

6 Buyer Warranties

6.1 You warrant that the funds used for settlement are not connected with any criminal activity including tax evasion, and that you are neither under investigation, nor have you been charged with or convicted of money laundering, terrorist activities or other crimes.

6.2 Where you are bidding on behalf of another person, you warrant

6.2.1 you have conducted appropriate customer due diligence on the ultimate buyer(s) of the Lot(s) in accordance with all applicable anti-money laundering and sanctions laws, you consent to us relying on this due diligence, and you will retain for a period of not less than 5 years the documentation evidencing the due diligence

6.2.2 You will make such documentation promptly available for immediate inspection by an independent third party auditor upon our written request to do so

6.2.3 the arrangements between you and the ultimate buyer(s) in relation to the Lot or otherwise do not, in whole or in part, facilitate tax crimes

6.2.4 you do not know, and have no reason to suspect, that the funds used for settlement are connected with, the proceeds of any criminal activity, including tax evasion, or that the ultimate buyer(s) are under investigation, or have been charged with or convicted of money laundering, terrorist activities or other crimes.

7 The contract between you and the Seller

7.1 The contract for the purchase of the Lot between you and the Seller will be formed when the hammer falls accepting the highest bid for the Lot at the auction.

7.2 You may directly enforce any terms in the Terms of Consignment against a Seller to the extent that you suffer damages and/or loss as a result of the Seller’s breach of the Terms of Consignment.

7.3 If you breach these Terms of Sale, you may be responsible for damages and/or losses suffered by a Seller or us. If we are contacted by a Seller who wishes to bring a claim against you, we may in our discretion provide the Seller with information or assistance in relation to that claim.

7.4 We normally act as an agent only and will not have any responsibility for default by you or the Seller (unless we are the Seller of the Lot).

7.5 In addition to any other rights we may have to cancel a contract for sale under these Terms of Sale, in the event:

7.5.1 you are in breach of your warranties in clause 6 or

7.5.2 we have not completed our enquiries pursuant to the Money Laundering Regulations and related legislation to our satisfaction or

7.5.3 we have reason to believe that the transaction might be unlawful for any reason, or that the sale might put us under any civil or criminal liability, we may delay completion of a sale, delay release of a Lot or cancel the sale of a Lot.

8.1 Immediately following your successful bid on a Lot you will:

8.1.1 give to us, if not already provided to our satisfaction, proof of identity in a form acceptable to us (and any other information that we require in order to comply with our anti-money laundering obligations – please refer to Paragraph [10] of the Information for Buyers in the Sale Catalogue ) and

8.1.2 pay to us the Total Amount Due in cash (for which there is an upper limit of 10,000 euros equivalent) or in any other way that we agree to accept payment.

8.2 If you owe us any money, we may use any payment made by you to repay these debts.

9 Title and collection of purchases

9.1 While you are bound by the contract for the purchase of the Lot from the fall of the hammer on your successful bid, ownership in the Lot will not pass to you until:

9.1.1 you have paid us in full the Total Amount Due in cleared funds for that Lot

9.1.2 you have provided us with the information set out in clause

9.1.3 we have completed our enquiries pursuant to the Money Laundering Regulations and related legislation. You may not claim or collect a Lot until you have paid for it and ownership has passed to you.

9.2 Unless notified otherwise, you will (at your own expense) collect any Lots that you have purchased and paid for either:

9.3 If you do not collect the Lot within this time period, you will be responsible for any reasonable removal, storage and insurance charges in relation to that Lot, unless the delay was caused by our continuing investigations under Clause 7.5.2.

9.4 Risk of loss or damage to the Lot will pass to you when you (or your agents) take physical possession of the Lot.

9.5 If you do not collect the Lot that you have paid for within 7 days after the auction, we may sell the Lot. We will pay the proceeds of any such sale to you, but (unless the delay was caused by our continuing investigations under Clause 7.5.2) will deduct any storage charges or other sums that we have incurred in the storage and sale of the Lot. We reserve the right to charge you a selling commission at our standard rates on any such resale of the Lot.

10 Remedies for non-payment or failure to collect purchases

10.1 Please do not bid on a Lot if you do not intend to buy it. If your bid is successful, these Terms of Sale will apply to you. This means that you will have to carry out your obligations set out in these Terms of Sale. If you do not comply with these Terms of Sale we may (acting on behalf of the Seller and ourselves) pursue one or more of the following measures:

10.1.1 take action against you for damages for breach of contract

10.1.2 reverse the sale of the Lot to you and/or any other Lots sold by us to you

10.1.3 resell the Lot by auction or private treaty (in which case you will have to pay any difference between the price you should have paid for the Lot and the price we sell it for as well as the charges outlined in Clause 8.5). Please note that if we sell the Lot for a higher amount than your winning bid, the extra money will belong to the Seller

10.1.4 remove, store and insure the Lot at your expense

10.1.5 if you do not pay us within five business days of your successful bid, we may charge interest at a rate not exceeding 1.5% per month on the total amount due

10.1.6 keep that Lot or any other Lot sold to you until you pay the Total Amount Due

10.1.7 reject or ignore bids from you or your agent at future auctions or impose conditions before we accept bids from you and/or

10.1.8 if we sell any Lots for you, use the money made on these Lots to repay any amount you owe us.

10.2 We will act reasonably when exercising our rights under Clause 9.1. We will contact you before exercising these rights and try to work with you to correct any non-compliance by you with these Terms of Sale.

11 Health and safety

Although we take reasonable precautions regarding health and safety, you are on our premises at your own risk. Please note the lay-out of the premises and security arrangements. Neither we nor our employees or agents are responsible for the safety of you or your property when you visit our premises, unless you suffer any injury to your person or damage to your property as a result of our, our employees’ or our agents’ negligence.

12 Warranties

12.1 The Seller warrants to us and to you that:

12.1.1 the Seller is the true owner of the Lot for sale or is authorised by the true owner to offer and sell the lot at auction

12.1.2 the Seller is able to transfer good and marketable title to the Lot to you free from any third party rights or claims and

12.1.3 as far as the Seller is aware, the main characteristics of the Lot set out in the auction catalogue (as amended by any notice displayed in the saleroom or announced by the Auctioneer at the auction) are correct.

12.2 If, after you have placed a successful bid and paid for a Lot, any of the warranties above are found not to be true, please notify us in writing. Neither we nor the Seller will be liable to pay you any sums

over and above the Total Amount Due and we will not be responsible for any inaccuracies in the information provided by the Seller except as set out below.

12.3 Please note that many of the Lots that you may bid on at our auction are second-hand.

12.4 If a Lot is not second-hand and you purchase the Lot as a Consumer from a Seller that is a Trader, a number of additional terms may be implied by law in addition to the Seller’s warranties set out at Clause 11.1 (in particular under the Consumer Rights Act 2015). These Terms of Sale do not seek to exclude your rights under law as they relate to the sale of these Lots.

12.5 Save as expressly set out above, all other warranties, conditions or other terms which might have effect between the Seller and you, or us and you, or be implied or incorporated by statue, common law or otherwise are excluded.

13 Descriptions and condition

13.1 Our descriptions of the Lot will be based on:

(a) information provided to us by the Seller of the Lot (for which we are not liable) and

(b) our opinion (although it is likely that we will not be able to carry out a detailed inspection of each Lot).

13.2 We will give you a number of opportunities to view and inspect the Lots before the auction. You (and any independent consultants acting on your behalf) must satisfy yourself about the accuracy of

any description of a Lot. We shall not be responsible for any failure by you or your consultants to properly inspect a Lot.

13.3 Representations or statements by us as to authorship, genuineness, origin, date, age, provenance, condition or estimated selling price involve matters of opinion. We undertake that any such opinion will

be honestly and reasonably held and accept liability for opinions given negligently or fraudulently.

13.4 Please note that Lots (in particular second-hand Lots) are unlikely to be in perfect condition. Lots are sold “as is” (i.e. as you see them at the time of the auction). Neither we nor the Seller accept any liability for the condition of second-hand Lots or for any condition issues affecting a Lot if such issues are included in the description of a Lot in the auction catalogue (or in any saleroom notice) and/ or which

the inspection of a Lot by the Buyer ought to have revealed.

14 Deliberate Forgeries

14.1 You may return any Lot which is found to be a Deliberate Forgery to us within twelve months of the auction provided that you return the Lot to us in the same condition as when it was released to you,

accompanied by a written statement identifying the Lot from the relevant catalogue description and a written statement of defects.

14.2 If we are reasonably satisfied that the Lot is a Deliberate Forgery we will refund the money paid by you for the Lot (including any Premium and applicable VAT) provided that if:

14.2.1 the catalogue description reflected the accepted view of experts as at the date of the auction or

14.2.2 you personally are not able to transfer good and marketable title in the Lot to us, you will have no right to a refund under this Clause 13.2.

14.3 If you have sold the Lot to another person, we will only be liable to refund the price that you paid for the Lot. We will not be responsible for repaying any additional money you may have made from selling the Lot.

14.4 Your right to return a Lot that is a Deliberate Forgery does not affect your legal rights and is in addition to any other right or remedy provided by law or by these Terms of Sale.

15 Our liability to you

15.1 We will not be liable for any loss of opportunity or disappointment suffered as a result of participating in our auction.

15.2 In addition to the above, neither we nor the Seller shall be responsible to you and you shall not be responsible to the Seller or us for any other loss or damage that any of us suffer that is not a foreseeable

result of any of us not complying with the Conditions of Business. Loss or damage is foreseeable if it is obvious that it will happen or if at the time of the sale of the Lot, we, you and the Seller knew it might happen.

15.3 Subject to Clause 14.4, if we are found to be liable to you for any reason (including, amongst others, if we are found to be negligent, in breach of contract or to have made a misrepresentation), our liability will be limited to the total purchase price paid by you to us for any Lot.

15.4 Notwithstanding the above, nothing in these Terms of Sale shall limit our liability (or that of our employees or agents) for:

15.4.1 death or personal injury resulting from negligence (as defined in the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977)

15.4.2 fraudulent misrepresentation or

15.4.3 any liability which cannot be excluded by law.

16.1 All notices between you and us regarding these Terms of Sale must be in writing and signed by or on behalf of the party giving it.

16.2 Any notice referred in Clause 15.1 may be given:

16.2.1 by delivering it by hand

16.2.2 by first class pre-paid post or Recorded Delivery or

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16.3.1 by hand or registered post:

a. to us, at our address set out in these Terms of Sale or at our registered office address appearing on our Website and

b. to you, at the last postal address that you have given to us as your contact address in writing or

a. to us, by sending the notice to the following email address: [email protected]

b. to you, by sending the notice to any email address that you have given to us as your contact email address in writing.

16.4 Notices will be deemed to have been received:

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16.5 Any notice or communication given under these Terms of Sale will not be validly given if sent by fax, email, any form of messaging via social media or text message.

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18.1 We may, acting reasonably, refuse admission to our premises or attendance at our auctions by any person.

18.2 We act as an agent for our Sellers. The rights we have to claim against you for breach of these Terms of Sale may be used by either us, our employees or agents, or the Seller, its employees or agents, as appropriate. Other than as set out in this Clause, these Terms of Sale are between you and us and no other person will have any rights to enforce any of these Terms of Sale.

18.3 We may use special terms in the catalogue descriptions of particular Lots. You must read these terms carefully along with any glossary provided in our auction catalogues.

18.4 Each of the clauses of these Terms of Sale operates separately. If any court or relevant authority decides that any of them are unlawful, the remaining clauses will remain in full force and effect.

18.5 We may change these Terms of Sale from time to time, without notice to you. Please read these Terms of Sale carefully, as they may be different from the last time you read them.

18.6 Except as otherwise stated in these Terms of Sale, each of our rights and remedies are: (a) are in addition to and not exclusive of any other rights or remedies under these Terms of Sale or general law and (b) may be waived only in writing and specifically. Delay in exercising or non-exercise of any right under these Terms of Sale is not a waiver of that or any other right. Partial exercise of any right under these Terms of Sale will not preclude any further or other exercise of that right or any other right under these Terms of Sale. Waiver of a breach of any term of these Terms of Sale will not operate as a waiver of breach of any other term or any subsequent breach of that term.

18.7 These Terms of Sale and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them (including any non-contractual claims or disputes) shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and the parties irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English courts.

Based upon recommended terms of sale by the Society of Fine Art Auctioneers and Valuers


Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

. fascinating book on an unusually fascinating man, who's name is still a household word more than half a century after his death. This book doesn't shy away from what may best be considered the "dark side" of Porsche's life and times the dealings with the Nazi's, and his relationship with Adolph Hitler, nor the use of slave labor in the factories manufacturing his products. In-fighting among the "personalities" who ran the various industries and manufacturing plants is well described, as is Porsche's less than cordial relationship with Hitler's Minister of Armaments and War Production Albert Speer. Kudos to the author for a job well done on such a complex subject!-- "Armor Modeling and Preservation Society"

". crammed with information, original photographs, illustrations and drawings, we reckon it's an essential addition to any military vehicle enthusiast's reference library"-- "Classic Military Vehicles"

". fascinating and meticulously researched book, Karl Ludvigsen investigates the genetic spiral that gave Porsche cars the character of weaponry."-- "The Spectator"

". hard to put down. The author has given us a eminently readable but learned treatise on a less known aspect of one of the greatest engineers of the twentieth century. The illustrations are well chosen and nicely reproduced, fitting the text and thus adding to the interest. with the added bonus of being written by Karl Ludvigsen it is a must have. Buy a copy and spend a day reading it, it is really hard to put down. Most enthusiastically recommended."-- "The Bulletin of the Vintage Sports Car Club"

". isn't just for auto enthusiasts who might anticipate the usual car-driven story: it's for any who want to know another side of Porsche's life: his work as a designer of military vehicles and machinery. The result is just now a "must" for transportation collections, but a top recommendation for military history holdings as well.-- "Midwest Book Review"

". I am very glad indeed to at last have Karl Ludvigsen's take on Professor Porsche, both the engineer and the man. The research here is of the highest order, as is the avoidance of any sentiment or editorializing. Taken with his other books on related subjects, we Porsche enthusiasts have a fairly complete picture of what it meant to be Ferdinand Porsche. You won't have to be a dedicated war buff ( I certainly am not) to make reading this one entirely worthwhile."-- "Porsche 365 Registry"

"engrossing. scrupulously researched. epic industrial history."-- "Octane Magazine"

"A sobering account of a difficult time."-- "Classic Cars"

"Author Karl Ludvigsen presents general interest readers with an examination of the life, engineering and design prowess, and wartime contributions of German automotive giant Ferdinand Porsche. The author has organized the main body of his text in eighteen chapters devoted to Porsche's introduction to the military, his work in advancing aviation power for Germany, his work with Adolph Hitler, and a wide variety of other related subjects. The author is a former Vice President of Ford of Europe and an independent historian and scholar."-- "ProtoView"

"Fascinating and irresistible, a perfect gift for anyone interested in military vehicles. Ludvigsen has created a book that justly deserves considerable praise for drawing the attention of historians and military enthusiasts to the story of Professor Porsche."-- "Monsters and Critics"

"I must say this book was not what I was expecting. It did not tell the story of the legendary sports car designer and manufacturer that we are all familiar with, but one of an innovative and forward thinking engineer, who was an active and influential part of the German 'War Machine' during both world wars. His design of the VW Beetle was not a surprise but his significant involvement in Aero engines, Marine engines, Tanks and even the V1 flying bomb certainly was. Ferdinand Porsche's relationship with Adolf Hitler, post war arrest and subsequent imprisonment as a suspected war criminal also came as a suprise. this book will appeal to not just those with an interest in engineering, but also those with an interest in the history of the first half of the 20th Century."-- "Iceni Magazine"

"If you believe that Karl Ludvigsen has already illuminated all aspects of the Porsche brand and person, now this book arrives that deals with the less-known military designs.
A comprehensive bibliography and index complete a work that is not just intended for those interested in automobiles."-- "Austro Classic"

"It is in no small measure thanks to Ludvigsen's previous efforts on his epic Porsche biographies that he both found material relevant to this new book and also forged a relationship with someone in a position to significantly advance the story, Porsche's oldest grandson Ernst Piech. The book is well illustrated, including some patent and other technical drawings. has a larger format of 8.5 x 10.75&Prime. The Bibliography is quite wide-ranging and certainly shows that this new book enlarges the picture."-- "SpeedReaders.info"

"Karl Ludvigsen, one of the most notorious Porsche authors, digged deep into the archives of Porsche, Mercedes and some military libraries, and wrote the complete story of Ferdinand Porsche's military engineering history. Even though this is not about the history of the sportscar that bear the Professor's name, this part of his life makes an integral part of the provenance of the Porsche brand, whether you like it or not. A true Porsche enthusiast truly won't regret to read the book. Together with the other books Karl Ludvigsen wrote about Porsche, this makes a wonderful addition to any Porsche Library"-- "Love for the Porsche"

"Professor Porsche's Wars is illustrated with over 200 images and is an in-depth account of Porsche's little-known career as a military engineer during both World Wars. It features details of Porsche's relations with the armed forces of Austria-Hungary, and later Germany under both the Weimar regime and Adolf Hitler's Third Reich."-- "Bury Mercury"

"Readers will have come to expect lavishly produced and thoroughly researched books on Porsche from Karl Ludvigsen but this latest work from the Suffolk domiciled authority on all things Porsche takes the reader along a slightly different road in that it describes the talented engineer's work on military projects rather than motor cars. . This is a book that is hard to put down, especially for anyone with an engineering bent. The author has given us an eminently readable but learned treatise on a less known aspect of the work of one of the greatest engineers of the twentieth century."-- "VSCC Magazine"

"The fact that Professor Ferdinand Porsche designed military vehicles is well documented but, inevitably Porsche biographies tend not to dwell on the subject before launching into the more glamourous part of his story, and the bit that sells books in large numbers: the cars. As a long time Porsche enthusiast I was confident that I had a pretty good vision of Porsche's contribution to military ordnance and thought of it as significant, but a somewhat intermittent undertaking. But Karl Ludvigsen's latest book surprised me by showing that the Prof was rarely, if ever, without a military project on the drawing board. one would have thought that there was little that could be added to the Porsche story that had not already been covered ."-- "Classic Porsche"

"We're all familiar with Ferdinand Porsche's automotive design work, but an oft-forgotten side of his career saw him designing many military vehicles. This book is a fascinating look at his work for the military, which spanned the first half of the twentieth century through both the First and Second World Wars. [It] chronicles Porsche's work for Adolf Hitler as one of his most trusted designers, where he was responsible for vehicles such as the Kubelwagen, the Schwimmwagen, and the Type 205 Maus tank. Porsche's work on aero and tank engines, and his involvement with the V-1 flying bomb, are also covered."-- "GT Porsche"


These 5 Books Belong On Every Porsche Enthusiast’s Shelf

Besides perhaps Ferrari, no other marque seems to attract as much attention from writers, photographers, and enthusiasts as Porsche does. So it’s no surprise new titles are being released through the year, and it seems as though the company archives open a little wider with each passing month.

Here are some of our favorites among recent releases.

Written in both English and German, with the full cooperation from Porsche’s Historical Archives (author Dieter Landenberger is a director there) this well-produced coffee table book takes us through the company’s storied history for both its road cars and motorsport, complete from the earliest 356 to the latest 919 Hybrid.

Landenberger writes a well-conceived and informative text, and saw fit to include a plethora of wonderfully-reproduced photographs, illustrations, and posters as perhaps only someone so intertwined with the company could. Books on Porsche are not a rarity, but what makes this book unique is the inclusion of a CD that contains the stereophonic reproductions of thirty of Porsche’s engines, starting with the first Porsche, the “No. 1”, and continuing through to the latest Panamera Turbo, with plenty of standouts in between.

As the title may suggest, Porsche Sounds is an audio and visual treat for Porschefiles. Just like the company tagline, there is no substitute…for the unique sound of a Porsche.

For those looking for a book focused on Porsche’s turbocharged racing, and street cars, veteran motoring author Randy Leffingwell has put together a fascinating tome in Porsche Turbo: The Inside Story of Stuttgart’s Turbocharged Road and Race Cars that covers everything the company ever put a turbine on, from the sports cars to the Panamera sedan, Cayenne, and Macan sport utility vehicles. Leffingwell backs up his well-written text with a plethora of photographs, factory archive material, technical, and conceptual drawings. This book is a recommended addition to any Porschephile’s library.

With modest beginnings as an offshoot of a Pompano Beach, Florida, car dealership, Champion Porsche and Champion Audi, have since become some of the most feared privateer racing teams. David Tremayne’s book chronicles how Dave Maraj guided his team from humble origins to winning five American Le Mans Series championships between 2004 and 2008, including six consecutive wins at Petit Le Mans. Champion Racing also won three Speedvision Championships and appeared five times at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, scoring a class win in 2003 and an overall victory in 2005—the first for an American team in 38 years, and later became the de facto Audi “Works” team in the United States.

If you’re passionate about motorsport, Porsche, Audi, and racing in the U.S., this book will help fill in your collection.

The iconic Porsche 917 was an extremely important race car for the company as the one that enabled it to take its first overall win at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1970. And then again, a year later. While there are other books about the subject, Walter Naher’s extensively researched Porsche 917: Archive and Works Catalogue 1968-1975 is the product of copious research, and contains never-before published information on the cars.

The author, a former Porsche test and racing engineer, takes you through the beginnings of the 917 program, up on through to when the car was no longer competitive—just seven years later, an eternity in top-level motorsports. The author leaves no stone unturned: there are memos, factory blueprints, documents, notes, hundreds of photographs of the cars developed, built, and raced. Pretty pictures would be nothing without the words to back them up, and Naher reminisces with designers, mechanics, and drivers to round out the story. Also included is an extensive appendix about each particular chassis, its history, and what happened to it.

This is a beautiful assembled, but heavy book. If you’re into the 917, however, you surely can’t do better.

Many know Professor Ferdinand Porsche as a brilliant automotive engineer and the founder of sports car company that continues to bear his name. Without him and his talents, it’s unlikely Volkswagen or Porsche would exist today. While most know that he was also the primary architect of the Beetle and Auto Union Grand Prix cars, far fewer know that Porsche was an influential contributor to the war efforts of Austria and Germany during the World Wars.

From aircraft engines to amphibious cars and the V-1 “flying bomb”, on the surface these morbid accomplishment might be damning. But according to scholarly author and Porsche expert Karl Ludvigsen, the man whom the Nazi’s called, “Great German Engineer” was a much more complicated man. Porsche saw himself as an inventor first, one only interested in fathering his designs. In his mind, who he worked for was as unimportant to him as the question of whether the projects were of a civilian or military nature. Who paid was not part of the equation—Porsche might have even worked for Stalin had it not been for the language barrier.

In Professor Porsche’s Wars, Ludvigsen paints a picture of a talented man who often found himself engineering for the wrong side during a very interesting time in history, from an engineering perspective. From a human perspective, the results were horrific. Recommended for both history and Porsche fans.


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